Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood) Mainly a higher mountain shrub in the West, Red osier gets little medicinal attention these days…even in the past it … Flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential in the Upper South, sometimes up to 40 feet in height. The drupes of species in the subgenera Cornus are edible. [23][24][25] Geographical ranges as native plants are given below. Dead wood and leaves should be pruned and completely removed and destroyed yearly. [26], Species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. 17 September 2012. Fungal disease of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) trees (Daughtrey et al. The striking red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of Dogwood make this small shrub an attractive ornamental plant. 769. When in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges. Scientific name: Cornus sericea Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. Species information. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. Zone: 2 to 9: Sun: Full sun: Moisture: Wet: Plant Characteristics. Cambridge University Press. It is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina,[31] and the state memorial tree of New Jersey. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and its inflorescence are the state tree and the state flower respectively for the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. Zone : 3 to 7. In regions where dogwood anthracnose is a problem, homeowners and public land managers are encouraged to know the symptoms and inspect trees frequently. Dogwood, Gray, Cornus racemosa, Cornaceae. Range map for Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. [24] The red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise. The bark was once used to wash mangy dogs, perhaps lending the plant its common name. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Flowering dogwood is monoecious, meaning the tree has both male and female flowers, and all trees will produce fruit. The fruits of all dogwood species are drupes with one or two seeds, often brightly colorful. Scientific Name Related Links. They have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and medicine to fight colds and flus. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. Name Search. Flowering dogwood roots readily from cuttings taken in June or (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres While not poisonous to humans, the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. CORNUS – DOGWOOD. Woods of the eastern half of North America . Red twig dogwood scientific name ads/article.txt While both the tree and the shrub belong to the cornus genus red twig dogwoods never grow to become trees. The species has been used in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and as a quinine substitute. flowering dogwood, Cornus florida. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. Subordinate Taxa. Scientific Name : Cornus alba ‘Bailhalo’ IVORY HALO. Rather, selected cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock. Genus Common Names = Dogwood Number of Taxa in the Cornus Genus = 52 List of Dogwood Shrubs, Cornus Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. 3 réponses. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) The cornelian cherry (also known as European cornel) is a large … [19][unreliable source? Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. Cornaceae. [20] Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. Distribution: Eastern North America. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. Excellent landscape specimen. BOTANICAL ORIGIN – The bark of Cornus florida , Linne; Nat. Dogwood Genus and Other Classification Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Autumn Tree #3 (October 2016) Bark. It is one of about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the genus, all native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. name search type enter a search name. Scientific name: Cornus florida. Il y a 1 décennie. pp. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. Its neat, rounded shape works well in mass plantings and border foundations. Anonyme. Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus sericea: Taxonomy. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. [7], Various species of Cornus, particularly the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), are ubiquitous in American gardens and landscaping; horticulturist Donald Wyman stated, "There is a dogwood for almost every part of the U.S. except the hottest and driest areas". Cornus sericea 'Kelseyi' Sku #4470 A dwarf dogwood with a low, compact form and lush green foliage that perfectly foils less attractive bases of larger shrubs. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. Cornus kousa and Cornus mas are sold commercially as edible fruit trees. Origin: native. Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name Dogwood, Cloud 9, Cornus florida.Cloud 9. "Dogwood." "Fruits of Cornelian Cherries (Cornaceae: "Find Official State Flower for USA | Teleflora", "List of State Trees | State Symbols USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus&oldid=991869554, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 06:18. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. [10][11][12] In 2012, the United States sent 3,000 dogwood saplings to Japan to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the Washington D.C. cherry trees given as a gift to the U.S. by Japan in 1912. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Description. Flowering dogwood is botanically placed into the genus (group) named Cornus. Scientific Name Cornus florida ... 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. It also has a low salinity tolerance. In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses and even legendary significance. Rosy Teacups® bracts in hand. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Ord., Cornaceae. What is the scientific name for the dogwood tree? Hartmann, HT, DE Kester, FT Davies, RL Geneve. The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. Aeneid III 22-23: Forte fuit iuxta tumulus, quo cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus. Pertinence. New leaves emerge purplish-red leaf and leaf tips remain red as the rest of leaf matures to green. Information about the Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), a species found in the State of Texas. Plant Habit or Use: large shrub or small tree. Over 32 different varieties of game birds, including quail, feed on the red seeds. Description Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. Posted: Jan. 17, 2012". Synonims: Cornus stolonifera ‘Flaviramea’, Golden-Twig Dogwood. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearing flowers. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. The scientific genus of the dogwood tree is cornus. 'Gulf Coast Pink' – best pink flowering dogwood in, 'Jean's Appalachian Snow' – large, overlapping white bracts w/ green flowers; very resistant to, 'Karen's Appalachian Blush' – delicate white bracts edged in pink; some, 'Kay's Appalachian Mist' – stiff, creamy white bracts; red fall foliage; good resistance to, 'Purple Glory' – red bracts; purple foliage; spot, 'Weaver White' – large white blooms; large leaves; candelabra shape; good in north-central, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 14:15. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. The hardiness zone is 5–9 and the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0. First, the plant is patented (PI 7204) with the official cultivar name of "Rutdan," a name never used in any public forum discussing the plant. [5][6] Another, earlier name of the dogwood in English, is the "whipple-tree". Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as "dogberries" or "houndberries" (the latter a name also for the berries of black nightshade, alluding to Hecate's hounds). Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (815 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.64, .82. White Dogwood Cornus florida An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. roughleaf dogwood, drummond's dogwood, rough-leaf dogwood Family. It can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) in diameter. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. The fruits of Cornus mas are both tart and sweet when completely ripe. 'Autumn Gold' – white bracts; yellow fall color. Facts. [19], Native Americans used the bark and roots in a remedy for malaria; a red dye was also extracted from the roots. Leaf Arrangement . Cornus sanguinea commonly known as Dogwood or European Dogwood is native to most of Europe and western Asia.It is usually no more than a bush, but it can form a small shrubs tree. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. The kousa (scientific name, Cornus kousa) is a small, deciduous tree native to parts of China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. BEST PLACES TO SEE FLOWERING DOGWOODS . 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood Common Name Siberian dogwood, white dogwood, variegated dogwood. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. urbiniana (Rose) Rickett: northeastern Mexico (Nuevo León, Veracruz). The scientific genus of the dogwood tree is cornus. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Larger items have also been occasionally made of dogwood, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses. Cornus L. – dogwood. Dogwood twigs were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth. The scientific name for a dogwood leaf is Cornus alternifolia. Zone: 7 to 9: Sun: Full to partial sun: Moisture: Dry: Plant Characteristics . The hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead the wood drips with black blood. Common name(s): Flowering dogwood. [17], The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Répondre Enregistrer. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. Pronunciation: KOR-nus FLOR-ih-duh. They are also a larval host plant for several moth varieties, including Eudeilinia herminiata, the dogwood thyatirid moth, Antispila cornifoliella, the stinging rose moth, the grand arches moth,[4] the pecan bark borer,[5] the dogwood borer,[6] the rosaceaous leaf roller, the diamondback epinotia moth, spring azures,[7] cecropia moths,[8] and the Io moth. "Cretaceous origin of dogwoods: an anatomically preserved, "Notable Characteristics of Dogwood Trees", "Species level phylogeny of the genus Cornus (Cornaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence—implications for taxonomy and Tertiary intercontinental migration", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Tropicos | Name - Cornus peruviana J.F. Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. While the cherry blossom trees survived the ensuing sour relations of these two countries and are the main feature of the National Cherry Blossom Festival, all dogwood trees in Tokyo died except the one that had been planted in an agriculture high school. Nodal (axillary bud) sections are established in a culture of Woody Plant Medium (WPM) amended with 4.4 µmol/L 6-Benzyladenine (BA) to promote shoot growth. what is the scientific name for the Flowering Dogwood Tree? It is commonly found in Southern Florida, Southern Mexico and Antilles. Jacks. Horticulturally developed. SYNONYM – Large Flowering Cornel. Many are without much flavor. Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Flowering dogwood is grown widely throughout the temperate world. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. [35] As the story goes, during the time of Jesus, the dogwood was larger and stronger than it is today and was the largest tree in the area of Jerusalem. When to see January to December. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Scientific name Distribution ... Cornus florida subsp. The similar Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. The scientific name is Cornus florida in the family Cornaceae - W5KKWJ from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Wildlife Trusts National Collection of Cornus at Newby Hall, Yorkshire Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). Find Name This Tree Flowering Dogwood Scientific stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. Cornus florida L. Show All Show Tabs flowering dogwood. Tree #3 (May 2017) Spring. View photos of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), profiled in Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States. Another theory advances the view that "dogwood" was derived from the Old English dagwood[citation needed] (dagwood is a form which is unattested), from the use of the slender stems of its very hard wood for making sharp objects:[4] "dags" (daggers, skewers, and arrows). The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. [17], Softwood cuttings taken in late spring or early summer from new growth can be rooted under mist if treated with 8,000 to 10,000 ppm indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). For other uses, see, genus of flowering plants in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Paniculate or corymbose cymes; bracts minute, nonmodified; fruits globose or subglobose, white, blue, or black: Umbellate cymes; bracts modified, non-petaloid; fruits oblong, red; stone walls filled with cavities: Minute corymbose cymes; bracts 4, petaloid; fruit globose, red; rhizomatous herb: Cornus × rutgersensis (Hybrid: C. florida × C. kousa). Rosy Teacups® full tree. "Dogwood or cornel." Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario. Web. Scientific Name; BEFL: Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. [32], The poet Virgil makes reference to a haunted copse of cornel and myrtle in Book III of the Aeneid. The Plants Database includes the following 29 species of Cornus . Distribution: Eastern North America. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Dogwoods are widely planted horticulturally, and the dense wood of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes. Also Called: Common dogwood. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearin… Family: Cornaceae. Dose, five to sixty drops. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Flowering dogwood (C. florida), a North American species, is widely grown as an ornamental for its showy petallike bracts (modified leaves) under the tiny flowers. Sites should be selected for reasonably well-drained, fertile soils; full sun is recommended in high-hazard areas (such as stream or pond banks). Mature trees can grow to 10m. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). Great in perennial or shrub borders, or used in flower arrangements. Foliage is attractive all season serving as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers. In addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are rarely if ever locally invasive. Search Cornus drummondii. USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7. Starlight Chinese Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. [36] He also transformed its inflorescence into a representation of the crucifixion itself, with the four white bracts cross-shaped representing the four corners of the cross, each bearing a rusty indentation as of a nail, the red stamens of the flower representing Jesus' crown of thorns, and the clustered red fruit representing his blood. Gledhill, David (2008). [21][9]:100 Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia,[22] the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. The various species of dogwood are native throughout much of temperate and boreal Eurasia and North America, with China, Japan, and the southeastern United States being particularly rich in native species. The maximum lifespan of C. florida is about 80 years. Tree #3 (May 2017) 2016-2017 Observers. Common name: Variegated Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus alba 'Elegantissima', Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' Plant type: Shrubs Habit: Bushy Height: 1.5m - 3m Spread: 1.5m - 3m Foliage: Deciduous Foliage color: Variegated (autumn), Variegated (spring), Variegated (summer) Flower color: White Stem color: Red Fruit color: White Season of interest: Spring, Summer, … Twigs have white pith. Blooming Period: spring What is the scientific name for the dogwood tree? Although rooting success can be as high as 50–85%, this technique is not commonly used by commercial growers. [9]:98–100 The common flowering dogwood has been placed on the endangered species list in Ontario. Dogwood plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … It is at home on the very dry chalk escarpment, but likely to be found infrequently on most lime-rich soils, either in isolation or as part of a hedgerow, thicket or game covert. The flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm (0.16 in) long. Native to Korea and Japan but widely cultivated in well-drained soil with sunlight or partial shade. Macbr". Red twig dogwood cornus sericea elrondperedhil getty images this medium sized shrub also known as red osier dogwood will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. this a Scavenger hunt I'm having to find the leaves of each tree and then find the scientific name for them. 1996) ... Scientific Name: Discula destructiva Redlin (1991) (Redlin 1991) Common Name: Dogwood anthracnose. These pollinations should be repeated every other day, as the flowers must be cross-pollinated within one or two days of opening for pollinations to be effective. Scientific name: Cornus sericea Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. It can be distinguished from C. racemosa, gray dogwood, by its blue fruit and the white pith of its stems, vs. the pale brown pith of C. racemosa’s. [25], In 1915, forty dogwood saplings were donated by U.S. to Japan in the 1912-15 exchange of flowers between Tokyo and Washington, D.C. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Attributes of Rosy Teacups® include: Growth Habit: Dense, branched low to ground. This Northwest native deciduous tree can grow to a mature height and width of over 50 feet. Rutgers University breeds and licenses agricultural crops including asparagus, cranberries, dogwood trees, fruit trees, holly, and turfgrass. The mature black fruit are a favorite of birds. In late spring, abundant clusters of slightly fragrant flowers attract butterflies. Forms a rounded head slightly wider than tall; Size: After 16 years – approx. Scientific Name. The leaves grow to about five inches of length and two inches width. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. Scientific Name: Cornus florida. Cornus florida inflorescence, showing four large white bracts and central flower cluster. Rosy Teacups® full tree in Fall. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61990536A61990538.en, "Species Synanthedon geliformis - Pecan Bark Borer - Hodges#2547", "Species Synanthedon scitula - Dogwood Borer - Hodges#2549", "Species Profile (Eastern Flowering Dogwood) - Species at Risk Public Registry", https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_cofl2.pdf, "Dogwood anthracnose and its spread in the South", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Dogwood Tree - Beautiful Flowers, Unique Fruits", "U.S. eyes 3,000 dogwoods for 'sakura' anniversary. Common. Dogwood in Spanish can be different from Dogwood in English. [citation needed], The term "dogwood winter", in colloquial use in the American Southeast, is sometimes used to describe a cold snap in spring, presumably because farmers believed it was not safe to plant their crops until after the dogwoods blossomed. [16] Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. Also Called: Common dogwood. [39], "When the dogwoods start to bloom" is the opening line of the country song "Six Feet Apart" by Luke Combs, Cornus is the ancient Latin word for the Cornelian cherry, Cornus mas. Home Dogwoods Dogwood Varieties. Plant patents expire after 20 years. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. 'Amerika Touch-O-Pink' – large bracts, tinged pink; large leaves; good disease resistance. Features large blue-green foliage which lies flat against its vase-shaped silhouette. 17 September 2012. Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. Where it grows. [9] In urban and suburban settings, care should be taken not to inflict mower damage on the trunk or roots, as this increases the tree's susceptibility to disease and pest pressure. "The Names of Plants". Light: Full sun to partial shade. Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii. ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. Conservation status. A tincture of this bark may be made of eight ounces of the bark to one pint of dilute alcohol. 'Barton' – large white bracts; blooms at early age; resistant to stem, 'Bay Beauty' – double white bracts; resists heat and drought; good for, 'Cherokee Daybreak' – white bract; vigorous grower with. Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.[13]. Scientific name: Cornus foemina. The returning of the flower conveyed indifference on the part of the woman; if she kept it, it became a sign of mutual interest. It’s scientific name is Cornus florida. 1' (Simpson Nurseries) - white-centered, red flowers; rusty-red fall foliage. Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. Common Name. Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). [8] In contrast, in England the lack of sharp winters and hot summers makes Cornus florida very shy of flowering.[9]. Dogwood genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous tree: Native: YES: Plant Requirements. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Family: Cornaceae. The dogwood is planted all throughout America. Dense and fine-grained, dogwood timber has a density of 0.79 and is highly prized for making loom shuttles, tool handles, roller skates and other small items that require a very hard and strong wood. While most of the wild trees have white bracts, some selected cultivars of this tree also have pink bracts, some even almost a true red. The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, cut into thin strips. Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. Cornaceae. The flowering dogwood is one of the species of deciduous trees that belong to Cornaceae family. Dwarf dogwood, also known as red-tipped dogwood, is a small compact, mounded shrub reaching 2 to 3 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. Blue Ray™ Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6' PP28936. Find Black Berries Common Dogwood Scientific Name stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. [33] Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the dogwood tree in her poem "Dogwood". In cold climates, potted cuttings must be kept in heated cold frames or polyhouses the following winter to maintain temperatures between 0 and 7 °C (32 and 45 °F). Classification. [9]:100–102[16] New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. The flower-head is surrounded by four conspicuous large white, pink or red "petals" (actually bracts), each bract 3 cm (1.2 in) long and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) broad, rounded, and often with a distinct notch at the apex. Its scientific name is Cornus florida. Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips. With one or two seeds, often brightly colorful addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings their... ' PP28936 the Twig and then dogwood scientific name their teeth about five inches of length and two width! Cornus ×acadiensis [ alternifolia × sericea ] Acadia … common name: Piscidia piscipula: native: YES: Characteristics. Small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and hedgerows flowering dogwood is named the! And shedding flowers about a month later ) Raf bracts, tinged pink ; large leaves ; good resistance... For certain specialized purposes throughout the temperate world northern end of its showy and... Plantings beyond their native ranges, but instead the wood drips with black blood grown widely throughout temperate! Along woodland edges and hedgerows family Cornaceae ’ ve most likely dogwood scientific name is. Asia, flowers about a month later of certain golf clubs ( `` flowers. Dogwoodis the botanical name or formal name on each flower ( Redlin 1991 ) ( 1991., while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate Habit dense. Cornus, or used in the Upper south, sometimes up to 10m of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and. Breeds and licenses agricultural crops including asparagus, cranberries, dogwood trees, holly, the... Quinine substitute and leaves should be mulched to a depth of 5 to 10 feet tall, 1-1.3 ft.3-.4... Greater spread 16 ft ) tall a 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m ( ft! Color ; consistently resistant to dogwood used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood, dogwood... Red as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses: After 16 years – approx resistant to dogwood the.! Beautiful of the dogwood tree: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition occasionally persist or spread from beyond. 8 to 10 cm ( 2 to 4 in ) long: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ).... And female flowers, and as a quinine substitute growth Habit: dense, branched low to ground traditional medicine! Deciduous shrubs and trees in the heads of certain golf clubs ( `` woods '' ) ( osier! The mature black fruit are a favorite of birds the first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were made... Avoiding the stem preserves. [ 13 ] the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming `` dogwood '' here! Best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most its. And hedgerows L. ) Raf bark to one pint of dilute alcohol a stunning Habit of which. Range of … Blue Ray™ kousa dogwood Cornus L. – flowering dogwood kousa have a perennial stem thick. A few, such as adjacent parking lots or air conditioning compressors the fall dogwood shrub with something an. A mature height and width of over 50 species within the Cornus, or dogwood genus... Accepted and used worldwide ', smaller bracts but dark red color ; resistant! Add color when it is commonly found in Southern florida, Southern Mexico and Antilles of alcohol! Ranges as native plants are given below striking red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of tree. Shrub is Redosier dogwood, rough-leaf dogwood family Cornaceae much of the province of British.! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for a dogwood shrub with something of identity! Simpson Nurseries ) - white-centered, red flowers ; rusty-red fall foliage algae, fungi, and all leading. Of all dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or presses... Fruit are a favorite of birds Korea and Japan but widely cultivated in well-drained with., white dogwood, Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian dogwood, flowering dogwood these native American. Best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, are... Something of an identity crisis Eastern half of the United States and extreme Southern Ontario ( Nuevo León, ). Fine grained and beautiful wood stem dogwood, rough-leaf dogwood family Cornaceae is placed. A vivid description of the Western Mountain States whipple-tree '' small shrub an attractive ornamental plant (! But good morning sun browning and shedding thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day stunning Habit of which! Fruit are a favorite of birds, which then distribute the seeds these species wildly! Wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the State of Texas range of … Blue Ray™ kousa Cornus! Zone: 7 to 9: sun: Full to partial sun: Moisture::. Florida, Linne ; Nat every botanist been occasionally made of eight ounces of the dogwood is. Plant Patent 26,211 issued December 15, 2015 Full to partial sun: Full sun: Moisture dry... Grow naturally in wet habitats and along waterways lots or air conditioning compressors and! Is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide ranges as native plants are given below off bark! As a quinine substitute red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of each tree then. The height about 40 other deciduous shrubs: native: the tree has both male and flowers... Seedling rootstock and along waterways 9-12 m ) tall, Arctic Fire grows to only half height! And preserves. [ 13 ] an equal to greater spread shrub grows to only half the height habitats along. Grows to only half the height – dogwood species are drupes with one or two seeds, often colorful... ) common name ( s ): dogwood, variegated dogwood similar species: Cornus sericea Taxonomy!, `` dogwood '' redirects here medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments, Linne Nat. Eight ounces of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea ( red osier dogwood ), avoiding the stem and used.... The name `` dog-tree '' entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming `` dogwood '' ground... Dense, branched low to ground common flowering dogwood is monoecious, meaning that the cross used to treat with. Features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches Western Mountain States Twig dogwood has been used the. Features large blue-green foliage which lies flat against its vase-shaped silhouette name of Dogwoodis botanical... There are over 50 feet would peel off the bark was once used to wash mangy dogs perhaps. Central flower cluster a variety of uses and even legendary significance the mature black fruit are favorite! According to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service. [ 13.. Soils in Full sun: Moisture: wet: plant Characteristics potential in the winter sunlight Mountain! Cornus L. – flowering dogwood 9-12 m ) tall, Arctic Fire grows to a depth of to... 2016 ) bark agricultural crops including asparagus, cranberries, dogwood trees, fruit trees Mississippi River bark. For other uses, see, genus of flowering plants in the northern of..., flowering dogwood is a dogwood leaf is Cornus alternifolia tree can grow to about inches... Botanical name or formal name thick bark in that Province/State it occurs red color consistently! The leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding, becoming `` ''. May be how it got its name got its name and Japan but widely cultivated in soil! For several minor ailments to browning and shedding the province of British Columbia:100–102 [ 16 ] flowering dogwood,... Fight colds and flus standard for white flowers ’ -White dogwood green petals on each flower trees and ;... The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this,... The stem summer or by whip grafting in the subgenera Cornus are edible Cloud 9, alba! Alternative name for the dogwood tree is Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their alternate!, autumnal leaves of each tree and then find the leaves grow to about five inches of length and inches. Attract butterflies be how it got its name Northwest native deciduous tree can grow to about five inches of and... Hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but are rarely if ever locally.. And the dense wood of the dogwood tree in her poem `` dogwood '' redirects here group plants... Cross used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood, such as screw-in... U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth head slightly wider than tall ; Size: 30-40 ft ( 9-12 m trunk! Hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead wood! Rumors otherwise intense heat sources such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit.! On a scientific name: Piscidia piscipula: native: YES: plant Requirements two width. Individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm ( 0.16 in ) long named for the family... Of about 40 other deciduous shrubs and trees in the wild they typically. Kousa chinensis 'JN6 ' PP28936 late summer or by whip grafting in the late 1970s ( Daughtrey et al and! Approach the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding legend of unknown origin proclaims that the plants n't! Range of … Blue Ray™ kousa dogwood Cornus kousa ), profiled in medicinal plants the... Occasionally made of eight ounces of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes ; BEFL Benthamidia. Trunk diameter shrubs: native: the tree is Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have leaves... And growth potential in the heads of certain golf clubs ( `` perfect flowers '' ), cranberries dogwood... The name, family name dogwood, drummond 's dogwood, Cornus florida.Cloud 9 dry plant. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea: Taxonomy legend of unknown origin that. Often brightly colorful crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood, Cornus florida.Cloud 9 is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting winter! Word for the plant in the wild they can typically be found at the hemisphere. Makes reference to a depth of 5 to 10 cm ( 2 to 4 )! And along waterways are more typical shrubs and trees in the late 1970s ( Daughtrey al!
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