Friedrich Schleiermacher is known as the theologian who said that the essence of Christian faith is a state of mind called ‘the feeling of absolute dependence’. Assessing Schleiermacher What Schleiermacher did was argue that religion was neither a form of empirical knowing (so it didn’t need to compete with the claims of science) nor was religion merely a prescription for ethics and morality. For Schleiermacher the feeling of absolute dependence is paramount; all theolegoumena must be related back to it. Friedrich Schleiermacher: Religion as Feeling In this article I will explain the view of Friedrich Schleiermacher that true religion is a kind of feeling. Schleiermacher calls it the “feeling of absolute dependence.” One senses that everything depends absolutely on whatever sustains the world. Jan-Olav Henriksen, The Norwegian Lutheran School of Theology, P.O. Schleiermacher was the grandson of the Zionite Daniel Schleyermacher.He grew up in a parsonage as the son of the Reformed field preacher Gottlieb Schleiermacher (a younger half-sister married Ernst Moritz Arndt in 1817 ) and was educated from 1783 in the … He defined religion as a feeling of absolute dependence which finds its purest expression in monotheism. Th e prerefl ective feeling of God replaces the Cartesian cogito in grounding both knowledge and4 At that moment, the feeling of absolute dependence combines with the mental In explaining his view, I will draw on the first two speeches of his work, On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers.. For Schleiermacher, the relationship to God can be described as a feeling of absolute dependence that is situated in the immediate, pre-reflective consciousness. He has said that this feeling connects us with the divine causality of creation and preservation. Schleiermacher’s analysis of the feeling of absolute dependence is not simply false. 2 that this feeling was man’s “feeling of absolute dependence.” Schleiermacher explained this feeling as the consciousness that one is related to something (the infinite) which totally conditions the individual in every respect, even Th e latter claim is not only a religious and theological one. Schleiermacher says that feeling of absolute dependence on God is the highest grade of immediate self-consciousness, and is also an essential element of human nature (26). Preaching teaches and shows Christ’s perfect God-consciousness, thus creating the feeling of God’s presence through absolute dependence on him. His major work, Der christliche Glaube (1821–22; 2nd ed. The feeling of absolute dependence, so conceived, presents Schleiermacher with several problems that he does not seem to resolve. The highest experience of religion for Schleiermacher is a sensation of union with the infinite. (Heresy is essentially defined by Schleiermacher as rejecting the feeling of absolute dependence on the infinite as germinated by Christ.) The feeling of absolute dependence is the actual experience of God and to be conscious of this immediate self-consciousness is to be conscious of being in relation to God. Schleiermacher: the Feeling of Utter Dependence Schleiermacher (1768-1834) In the Recent past I published a piece called "Phenomenology and Theological Method." The truth is, however, that God veils Himself and that in so doing- this is why we must not try to intrude into the mystery- He unveils Himself. 83 The Type 2 expression - 'an absolute feeling of dependence' - provides certain information about religious feeling. Schleiermacher believed that he had made the following contributions to theology: “For faith the consciousness of God arises out of Christian experience. Schleiermacher equates faith with a feeling of absolute dependence. Schleiermacher's view, the feeling of absolute dependence or God-consciousness belongs to human nature. Perhaps more aptly formulated and explained: it is an immediate Schleiermacher, true religion is founded in the feeling of absolute dependence that the individual discovers in ordinary life as a relational being; Christian religion relates that feeling to the experience of Christ as redeemer, authenticated by the experience itself Dr. phil. Schleiermacher proposed a method of integrating the God-human relationship in a way that overcame the limitations placed upon God by the subject-object restrictions. He does, in fact, see that God is not “given” - neither a given of that type of world toward which I know I am so dependent that I oppose it in the feeling of freedom, nor a given within the feeling of freedom, in regard to which I may speak of the “ deus in nobis ”… Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʃlaɪɐˌmaχɐ]; November 21, 1768 – February 12, 1834) was a German Reformed theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity.. In The Christian Faith, Schleiermacher grounds religion in the immediate self-consciousness and the “feeling of absolute dependence.” Influenced by Schleiermacher, Otto also grounds religion in an original experience of what he 1831; The His term for it was the “feeling of absolute dependence.” This SCHLEIERMACHER AS INNOVATOR 89 mediate self-consciousness or feeling of absolute dependence.4 This feeling defines the term God; the elaboration of the God-world relation in CFis derived from this feeling. (Schleiermacher 1830:33) Since depend It is apparent from all this that the divergence of Hegel and Schleiermacher was not personal, but a consequence of their different approaches. feeling of absolute dependence on God in his mature academic works. Moreover, “every essential element of human nature In these sections, Schleiermacher explores the feeling of our absolute dependence further. Friedrich Schleiermacher Known as the father of modern theology, Schleiermacher was equally at home in the theological systems of Protestant orthodoxy and the new world of thought shaped by the historical and natural sciences and German philosophy. Feeling of Absolute Dependence or Will to Power? Moreover, this feeling This paper will argue that The variety of forms which the Further, anything that undercuts this feeling of absolute dependence is ruled out of court. HENRIKSEN, JAN-OLAV 2003-10-01 00:00:00 Schleiermacher vs. Nietzsche on the conditions for religious subjectivity Prof. Dr. theol. Box 5144, Majorstua, N-0302 Oslo I. According to Schleiermacher, it is possible for the finite subject to introspectively (4) In fact, then, religion is more than a determination of feeling; it is the name Schleiermacher gives to the personal self-consciousness in which the feeling of absolute dependence and consciousness of the world coexist and must Schleiermacher speaks not only of the feeling of absolute dependence but also of the feeling of partial dependence and a feeling of partial freedom, which are also to be found in immediate self-consciousness. critique Schleiermacher’s theological method, this paper will examine Schleiermacher’s theological influences, his “feeling of absolute dependence,” and a few examples from his systematic theology. Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologian, preacher, and classical philologist, generally recognized as the founder of modern Protestant theology. The religious self-consciousness is an intuition that our limits of space and time, our finitude, depend upon a larger unity of the universe. 1) Despite his claim that the feeling is “immediate” in the sense of non-cognitive, we have just given 5.3). According to Schleiermacher the “feeling of absolute dependence” is the fuel for his theology, while for Barth it is best understood as the dialectic of God’s veiling and unveiling. Friedrich Schleiermacher – Religion as “the Feeling of Absolute Dependence” Image: Wikimedia Commons The German theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) tried to defend religion against detractors and cynics of his day which led him to pen On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers ( 1799 ). and thus also actually contains the immediate feeling of absolute dependence, as the only way in which, in general, one’s own being and the infinite being of God can be one in self-consciousness. Feeling of Absolute Dependence or Will to Power? “feeling of absolute dependence.”2 Influenced by Schleiermacher, Otto too grounds religion in an original experience of what he calls “the numinous,” which “completely eludes apprehension in terms of concepts” and is as such “ineffable;” it can only be Schleiermacher, known as the Father of Liberal Theology, argued that the “essence of religion is the feeling of absolute dependence.” Jesus was unique, he said, because he was keenly aware of this utter dependence. Schleiermacher There is yet another dimension of variation to the feeling of absolute depen- dence: one that concerns the extent to which the feeling is clear. Schleiermacher reveres individuality and sees religion as 'Feeling of absolute dependence'? His own insight of the feeling of absolute dependence creates a problem for formulating the Trinity. I would like to discuss Schleiermacher's view of religion in the context of our contemporary pluralistic culture. 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