After learning about the roles and responsibilities of Australia’s federal, state and local governments, students create a triarama to show six of the major roles and responsibilities for each of the three levels of Australian government. Join in the fun—and the learning—with the Parliamentary Education Office’s immersive learning program. The most recent data shows the last decade was the hottest with the year 2012 being the hottest in the history of the USA. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Members of the federal, state and local executives are required to work together in order to solve complex problems. The law-making powers of the state parliaments. The fees were used to pay for radio stations. The case went to the High Court, who found in favour of the government based on section 51(v) of the Constitution. Each state, apart from Queensland, has a parliament that consists of 2 houses. The High Court's interpretation of section 51(v) means that today the federal Parliament can make laws about all forms of communication, including television and the internet. Section 109 of the Constitution states that if the federal Parliament and a state parliament pass conflicting laws on the same subject, then the federal law overrides the state law or the part of the state law that is inconsistent with it. Territory executive governments are made up of a chief minister and territory ministers. The federal government raises money through taxing incomes, spending and businesses. In response the federal and Queensland governments agreed to ban oil drilling in the territorial waters they controlled and the federal Parliament passed the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975. For example, councils are responsible for: One of the main tasks of local government is to regulate—manage—services and activities. Get an introduction to the three levels of government with this short video. A federal election must be held every three years because Australia's Constitution limits the term of Members of the House of Representatives. In doing so she challenged the federal Parliament's right to make laws about broadcasting. When the Constitution was written, treaties mainly related to peace and trade but today they also deal with matters that are defined as state responsibilities—for example, human rights, environmental protection and discrimination. Although the federal Parliament has no law-making powers over Tasmania's rivers, dams or environment, the court decided the federal legislation was valid because it allowed the government to meet its commitments under an international treaty—the World Heritage Convention. The executive government needs money to put laws into action. Federal Parliament has now amended the self-government Acts so the federal Parliament must vote to veto a territory law. Like many other Westminster-style systems of government, the Australian Government is made up of three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial. People elected to the House of Representatives each represent a separate division or electorate in Australia. The Australian Council for Local Government works directly with local government as well. The first council was established in Adelaide in 1840, followed in 1842 by the City of Sydney and Town of Melbourne councils. Up until 2011 the self-government Acts covering the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory gave federal ministers the right to veto or change territory laws without approval of federal Parliament. FEDERAL STATE LOCAL Any federal law then made about the issue only applies in the state or states who referred the matter to federal Parliament or who decide to adopt the law. It also has 2 territory parliaments known as legislative assemblies. This created a federal agency to grow and administer the new park in conjunction with the Queensland government. By the end of the 19th century, many colonists felt a national government was needed to deal with issues such as defence, immigration and trade. Parliamentary Education Office (peo.gov.au). By 1860 all the colonies, apart from Western Australia, had been granted partial self-government by Britain. It is able to do this under section 51(v) of the Constitution, which gives Parliament responsibility for 'postal, telegraphic, telephonic and other like services'. Exclusive powers of the federal Parliament are also included in sections 52, 86, 90, 114, 115 and 122. powers shared by the federal Parliament, and the state and territory parliaments. After a free vote the federal Parliament passed the  Euthanasia Laws Act 1997. The decision-making body of state government is the state parliament which meets in the Parliament House of the particular state. Start by brainstorming words as a class using a mind map to record your responses. 3. On average each council looks after about 28 400 people. Everything you need to know about the role, function, structure and people of the Australian Parliament. Ministers manage the share of the Budget that has been given to the department they are responsible for. The law-making powers of the federal Parliament. This diagram illustrates the three levels of government—the law-making bodies in Australia with three maps of Australia: Local councils (located around Australia in each local council division); State/territory parliaments (located in the capital cities of each of the 6 states and 2 territories); and federal Parliament (located in Canberra, the nation's capital). The Shire of East Pilbara in Western Australia is the largest local authority area. Just like the three levels of Australian government they're named after. Bills are considered by the Parliament. As councils derive their powers from state parliaments, council by-laws may be overruled by state laws. Four years later the area was declared a World Heritage site under the World Heritage Convention, to which the federal government is a signatory—Australia has agreed to the convention. In response, the growing environmental movement organised protests against the expansion of mining and oil drilling in this sensitive environment. The law-making powers of local government. There are four levels of government in Australia – federal, national, state and local. Each territory parliament has one house called the Legislative Assembly. The federal and state governments are established under the Australian Constitution. In Australia the three levels of government work together to provide us with the services we need. This is a person who has been elected (by their fellow party members) as the leader of the party that has won the majority of members elected to the House of Representatives. Each level of government has its own responsibilities, although in some cases these responsibilities are shared. government services; the three levels of government; federal parliament; state and territory parliaments; local councils. …show more content… What are the three levels of government in Australia? These ministers are elected members of the state or territory parliament, and come from the party or coalition of parties that forms government in the lower house. The Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory have a different arrangement. Use this clear and informative poster in your classroom to demonstrate and remind your students of the three levels of government in Australia, who the roles involved are and what they do. The law-making powers of the federal Parliament include: Australia has 6 state parliaments. A law judged by the High Court to be unconstitutional is then invalid—over-ruled. Episode #30. The Constitution established an Australian—federal—Parliament. Australia has three levels of government that work together to provide us with the services we need. Under section 96 of the Constitution, the federal Parliament can 'grant financial assistance to any State on such terms and conditions as Parliament thinks fit'. The law-making powers of local governments include: Each of the three levels of government has its own executive that puts laws into action. The committee's terms of referencerequired it to inquire into key issues and priorities for the reform ofrelations between the three levels of government within the Australianfederation with a view to developing an agenda for national reform. There are over 500 local government bodies across Australia. They are often called councils, municipalities or shires. https://peo.gov.au/sub-site/three-levels-of-government-game/index.html From the 1840s colonial parliaments began to hand over responsibility for local issues to local councils. A map of Australia with Canberra marked, and a photograph of Parliament House, with the caption: Parliament House, Canberra. Grade 6 HASS – Australian Civics and Citizenship Australia’s Three Levels of Government Flip Book * Federal Government * State Government * Local Government * This great activity has been designed to assist you in your year 6 classroom while studying the Three Levels of Government as part of your Civics and Citizenship unit. These tasks would be difficult for a state government to manage because they are local issues. 1. In Australia we have three levels of Government: federal, state and local. Every person forms part of a local community. For example, the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council meets regularly to negotiate a coordinated national approach to health policy. State laws relate to matters that are primarily of state interest such as: Section 122 of the Constitution allows the Parliament to override a territory law at any time. Authorised by the Electoral Commissioner, Canberra, Party register, applications and decisions, Torres Strait Regional Authority elections. These decisions are then administered—put in place—by the chief executive officer and other non-elected employees of the council. The federal executive—the Prime Minister and ministers—is the main decision-making body of the Australian Government and is responsible for putting federal laws into action. It also has 2 territory parliaments … Today the federal Parliament makes laws about all of these services. As Australian society has changed, so too have the issues facing federal Parliament. The Australian Constitution, which sets out the legal framework by which Australia is governed, resolved this issue by giving Australia a federal system of government. Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands. Australia has 6 state parliaments. The law-making powers of the federal Parliament have also grown to deal with the huge social and technological advances that have occurred since federation. The territory law allowed terminally ill patients to decide when to die. Display and discuss slides 7-10 of The Roles and Responsibilities of Australia’s Three Levels of Government PowerPoint. international and Australian trade and commerce, payments to Australians, including pensions and Medicare, lighthouses, lightships, beacons and bouys, Collection of customs—taxes—on imported goods, Defence and currency exclusive powers of the federal parliament, Federal Parliament can make laws for territories, including their representation to the federal Parliament, state and territory parliaments – schools and teachers, vocational education, federal Parliament – responsible for obligations under international treaties (for example world heritage areas), state and territory parliaments – protection of the natural environment, approvals for new developments, waste disposal etc, federal Parliament – payments to doctors and for pharmaceuticals, state and territory parliaments – hospitals, federal Parliament – decides who can get married, state and territory parliaments – decides how marriages are registered, federal Parliament –ratifies—makes Australian law—international trade agreements for the whole of Australia, state and territory parliaments – ratifies international trade agreements for that state or territory, federal Parliament – collects taxes on income and company profits, state and territory parliaments – collects stamp duty, payroll tax and other smaller taxes, Lighthouses, lightships, beacons and buoys. There are 8 Australian territories in addition to the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Northern Territory (NT): These territories are governed according to Australian—federal—law and the laws of a state, the ACT or NT. For example, local councils are responsible for stormwater treatment, ensuring water running into the reef is free from pollutants. In 1969 the federal and Queensland governments jointly established an inquiry into the ‘possibility’ of oil drilling causing damage to the reef. By providing these services and facilities, councils make sure local communities work well from day-to-day. The law-making powers of the state parliaments include: In 1997 federal Parliament passed a law to overturn the Rights of the Terminally Ill Act 1995 (NT), which made euthanasia legal in the Northern Territory. It raises money by collecting taxes on incomes and company profits, and through other charges such as fuel excise and customs duties. The government must gain approval for its Budget from Parliament. connection to land, culture and community. Local government responsibilities include: local road maintenance, garbage collection, building regulations and land subdivisions, public health and recreation facilities such as swimming pools. There are three levels of government in Australia: • local, • state, and • federal. The money is spent on local matters such as: town planning, rubbish collection, water and sewage, dog registration and local roads. They represent a whole state or territory - there are 12 senators for every state and two senators for each territory. They also raise money from taxes and charges such as: The states and territories spend this money to manage laws and to provide goods and services to the people of their state or territory. The establishment of the three levels of Australian government was an outcome of federation in 1901, when the 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Western Australia, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. The initialreporting date was set as the last sitting day of May 2011, but the Senategranted an extension of time until 20 June 2011. Almost everywhere you live in Australia you will have three elected governments – Federal, State (or Territory) and Local. This diagram shows how governments raise and spend money. This in-depth paper explores the roles and responsibilities of each level, how they raise money and how they work together. Sections 51 and 52 of the Constitution describe the law-making powers of the federal Parliament. Councils are established by state governments to look after the particular needs of a city or local community. The minister then works with their government department to prepare the bill—proposed law—before it is considered by the Parliament. If a minister needs to introduce a new law or change an existing one, they must first get the approval of the federal executive. 3. Federal Parliament gave the territories self-government by passing the Northern Territory (Self-Government) Act 1978 and the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988. federal Parliament—makes laws for the whole of Australia, 6 state and 2 mainland territory parliaments—make laws for their state or territory. There are 151 members and eac… Local councils are not mentioned in the Australian Constitution, although each state has a local government Act—law—that provides the rules for the creation and operation of councils. Today, local authorities include city councils in urban centres, and regional and shire councils in rural areas. State and territory ministers, like federal ministers, manage the budget given to the government department they are responsible for. In the 1960s and 1970s the Queensland government sought to commercialise the natural resources of the Great Barrier Reef. State and territory governments also raise money from taxes but receive more than half their money from the federal government and spend it on state and territory matters: for example, schools, housing, hospitals, roads and railways, police and ambulance services. Elected councillors decide on policy and make by-laws for their community at council meetings. Councils also raise their own money from local taxes such as rates—tax on the value of property—sewerage and water charges, dog licences and user fees for sporting facilities and libraries. The Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory parliaments are also unicameral— both have one house called the Legislative Assembly. 1.1 On 17 June 2010, the Senate established the Select Committee on theReform of the Australian Federation. This means Australians have someone to represent them at each level of government. The PEO acknowledges the traditional owners of country throughout Australia and their continuing 1. The federal Parliament has only used its power under section 122 a few times and only in cases where the territory law has created much debate or controversy within the Australian community. (Western Australia became self-governing in 1890). Use this fun teaching resource in the classroom when learning about the roles and responsibilities of Australia’s three levels of government.. After learning about the roles and responsibilities of Australia’s federal, state and local governments, students create a triarama to show six of the major roles and responsibilities for each of the three levels of Australian government. Because the federal Parliament and the state parliaments can make laws in the same areas, sometimes these laws conflict. The three levels of government or law-makers that work together to serve the people of Australia are: Federal (or national) Parliament, located in Canberra State/territory parliaments, six state and two territories, located in each state/territory capital city Local councils (also called shires or municipalities), with 560 across the nation. The leader of the federal government is called the Prime Minister. By introducing uniform national laws, the three levels of government can operate together with a greater level of efficiency. 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