Bamboo’s uses span countless industries, like construction, textiles, food production and even musical instruments. Rural poverty is undesirable. More recently, a mathematical explanation for the extreme length of the flowering cycles has been offered, involving both the stabilising selection implied by the predator satiation hypothesis and others, and the fact that plants that flower at longer intervals tend to release more seeds. Bamboo yarn can also be blended with other textile fibres such as hemp or spandex. Table 4. It is also possible to make dissolving pulp from bamboo. As the number of rodents increases, they consume all available food, including grain fields and stored food, sometimes leading to famine. The result further revealed that 73% of the respondents are owners as well as dealers, 29% are middlemen dealers (Major) while 7% are middlemen dealers (Minor). Bamboo charcoal has been traditionally used as fuel in China and Japan. [1][10] Altogether, more than 1,400 species are placed in 115 genera.[1]. From the nine communities, twenty (20) respondents were selected on purposive basis from a list submitted by the community leader from each LGA. and Webb, D. (1990) Preface in Bamboos current research (iV. Sastry C.B. In this species, all plants of the same stock flower at the same time, regardless of differences in geographic locations or climatic conditions, and then the bamboo dies. In: research for Development (R4D) Responses to Food security and Poverty reduction in Africa. The most comprehensive information comes from countries in which bamboo is an important economic asset. The tender bamboo shoot (sǔn 筍 in Chinese) thus became a nutritious alternative. The minister said the sensitivity with which the Modi government views the importance of bamboo is evident from the fact that it has amended the century-old Indian Forest Act by taking home grown bamboo out of the purview of the Act, in order to enhance livelihood opportunities through bamboo. The sap of young stalks tapped during the rainy season may be fermented to make ulanzi (a sweet wine) or simply made into a soft drink. Bamboo, (subfamily Bambusoideae), subfamily of tall treelike grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising more than 115 genera and 1,400 species. Primarily growing in regions of warmer climates during the late Cretaceous period, vast fields existed in what is now Asia. However, a number of challenges – from a lack of standards, to gaps in product development – need to […] [18] In the United States, several companies are growing, harvesting, and distributing species such as Phyllostachys nigra (Henon) and Phyllostachys edulis (Moso). The result showed that majority (78%) of the respondents were male, 58% were between the age of 41-50 years, 76% were married, 38% had FSLC education. As canons of Buddhism forbids cruelty to animals, flesh and egg were not allowed in the diet. The pine (sōng 松), the bamboo (zhú 竹), and the plum blossom (méi 梅) are also admired for their perseverance under harsh conditions, and are together known as the "Three Friends of Winter" (歲寒三友 suìhán sānyǒu) in Chinese culture. In Chinese culture, the bamboo, plum blossom, orchid, and chrysanthemum (often known as méi lán zhú jú 梅蘭竹菊 in Chinese) are collectively referred to as the Four Gentlemen. Triticum vulgare, wheat; Zea mays, corn; Avena sativa, oat; Oryza sativa, rice; Bambusa, bamboo Bamboo was used by humans for various purposes at a very early time. It has direct link to the socio-economic and cultural conditions of the Nepalese people. As compared to forest trees, bamboo species grow fast. It is also made into pancakes using rice flour as a binding agent. ... Table 2 shows that all the respondents (100%) had knowledge of existence of bamboo in the locality, ... Energy Plant Species: their use and The "Three Friends of Winter" is traditionally used as a system of ranking in Japan, for example in sushi sets or accommodations at a traditional ryokan. The single most important item of forest product used extensively in the tropical rural communities is bamboo. A skin prick test using bamboo extract was positive for the immunoglobulin E (IgE) in an available case study.[31][32][33]. In view of all these problems, it is important that forest exploitation/Bamboo exploitation should be done wisely to ensure its sustainability. three major characteristics of the Poaceae or grass family separate them from other plant families. Bamboo, one of the "Four Gentlemen" (bamboo, orchid, plum blossom and chrysanthemum), plays such an important role in traditional Chinese culture that it is even regarded as a behavior model of the gentleman. The middlemen are into full time business as they invade the rural area and buy these materials in large quantities and supply to builders. The greatest losses are borne by the poor, especially the rural poor, as once abundant and cheap material that provided sustenance, shelter, and income has become scarce and expensive. Watershed and environmental protection enable the rural people to secure a stable livelihood. Bamboo (Bambusa) is a drought resistant perennial woody grass belonging to the group angiosperm and the order monocotyledon. ECONOMIC POTENTIAL OF BAMBOO FOR THE TRADITIONAL BAMBOO USERS IN THE MODERN ECONOMY. The two women later became goddesses Xiangshuishen after drowning themselves in the Xiang River. Varistin of specific gravity and tangential shrinkage in the wall thickness ofbamboo and its possible influence on trend of the shrinkage moisture content characteristics. Bamboo products can be an important part of more circular economic growth, provide a low-carbon, biodegradable and/or renewable alternative to traditional materials. Keeley, C.N. RMRDC (2004); Bamboo occurrence and utilization in Nigeria Raw Materials Research and Development Council Publication, 1994. Therefore, the Vietnam nation and Vietnamese value will be maintained and developed eternally. Preparation methods developed over thousands of years have come to be incorporated into Asian cuisines, especially for monks. Durability of bamboo in construction is directly related to how well it is handled from the moment of planting through harvesting, transportation, storage, design, construction, and maintenance. This fermented bamboo shoot is used in various culinary preparations, notably amil, a sour vegetable soup. The most recent flowering began in May 2006 (see Mautam). But not everybody knows It is located in the rain forest area and is densely populated with a population estimate of 1 million people [, Socio-Economic Characteristics of Respondents, Distribution of Respondents according to socio-Economic characteristics, Various Uses of Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris). [52] Subsequently, paper began to displace bamboo and wooden strips from mainstream uses, and by the 4th century AD, bamboo slips had been largely abandoned as a medium for writing in China. The woody bamboos do not form a monophyletic group; instead, the tropical woody and herbaceous bamboos are sister to the temperate woody bamboos. Unlike all trees, individual bamboo culms emerge from the ground at their full diameter and grow to their full height in a single growing season of three to four months. Consistent increase in use pressure on Bamboo vulgaris, if unchecked could threaten the existence of the species. Bamboo is a resource that is closely related with food security if sold, source of energy, poverty alleviation and environmental protection. Provisional census Figure 2006 Nigeria census. Bamboo plantations can be readily harvested for a shorter period than tree plantations.[42]. Pickled bamboo, used as a condiment, may also be made from the pith of the young shoots. Equally, 68, 148 and 168 indicated using it as aesthetics, thatching and barn construction. Soft bamboo shoots, stems and leaves are the major food source of the giant panda of China, the red panda of Nepal, and the bamboo lemurs of Madagascar. Academy of Science. Over the years, as a result of the increasing level of poverty, the Nigeria rural sector has been regarded as the backward sector of the economy. Transportation costs are relatively high because culms are hollow inside. Forest production journal 44 (9): 40-46. Bamboo is mystical. Ikojo, H. A. (2007): guideline for growing Bamboo, Kenya Forestry Research Institute, KEERI pp 45. the Anomochlooideae, the Puelioideae, and the Ehrhartoideae. 1. (Eds) Proceedings of the 27. The objectives of the study were to; determine the various uses of bamboo and to ascertain the contribution of bamboo in the present dispensation to the socio-economic well being of the people in the study area. In essence, there is no species or family without socio-economic importance, Bamboo inclusive. Just as a bamboo is hollow-hearted, he should open his heart to accept anything of benefit and never have arrogance or prejudice. Some of the hardiest bamboo species can be grown in USDA plant hardiness zone 5, although they typically defoliate and may even lose all above-ground growth, yet the rhizomes survive and send up shoots again the next spring. [38][39] In 1997, an international intergovernmental organization was established to promote the development of the bamboo cultivation, the International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation. Table 3. In the Asian countries, you can find several delicious dishes of it including soups and curry. Based on the result of the findings, Bamboo plant and its products have made significant contribution to the socio-economic well being of Mbaise people. The longest mass flowering interval known is 130 years, and it is for the species Phyllostachys bambusoides (Sieb. Bamboo is a common commodity that has been used by humans for at least 5,000 years. Countless poems praising bamboo written by ancient Chinese poets are actually metaphorically about people who exhibited these characteristics. They are used in numerous Asian dishes and broths, and are available in supermarkets in various sliced forms, in both fresh and canned versions. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The lack of environmental impact on the time of flowering indicates the presence of some sort of "alarm clock" in each cell of the plant which signals the diversion of all energy to flower production and the cessation of vegetative growth. A 12-item researcher-made questionnaire was the main gathering tool supported by interview and observation. The single most important item of forest product used extensively in the tropical rural communities is bamboo. (2000): The development of non-traditional Bamboo technologies in Costa Rica" pp 2-6. Using descriptive-survey, data were obtained from 60 purposely chosen bamboo entrepreneurs from a list given by the Department of Trade of Industry. Retrieved 2014-9-11. It is a fast-growing, sustainable source of material that helps businesses […] Farmers in the yam cultivating areas of Nigeria, have high demand for Bamboo for staking vines of yams. The utilization of bamboo and forest resources by the rural people posses a great potential to the solution of rural poverty, unemployment and backwardness. [54] Several paper industries are surviving on bamboo forests. Balakrishman Nair, N (1990) forward. However, a mutant bamboo plant flowering at an integer multiple of its population's flowering interval would release its seeds only during collective flowering events, and would release more seeds than the average plant in the population. [20][21] The relationship between rat populations and bamboo flowering was examined in a 2009 Nova documentary "Rat Attack". Most important, bamboo is renewable. Fiber corporation Resource Fiber is contracting farmers in the United States for Bamboo cultivation. Traditional living and lifestyle of the Mizo society, to a large extent, is dependent on bamboo for its variety of uses and this bamboo has much to offer by way of contributing to socio-economic advancement of modern Mizo society. Bamboo is grown extensively in Nagaland and the socio- economic life of the Nagas revolves around the varied use of bamboo and its products. In Konkani cuisine, the tender shoots (kirlu) are grated and cooked with crushed jackfruit seeds to prepare kirla sukke. Majority of the dealers (132) or 73% are owner dealers. For the human environment, Bamboo provides shade, acts as windbreaks, provides a aesthetic value, has anti-erosion property that sticks the soil together along fragile river banks of deforested areas and in places vulnerable to erosion menace. Examples include clothing such as shirt tops, pants, sock for adults and children as well as bedding such as sheets and pillow covers. In the music industry it acts as flute or xylophone which creates some of the most beautiful sounds in music. The distribution and site factors of some commercially important bamboos occurring in India are: Uses of Bamboos: Properties: Bamboo is considered to be the most efficient natural resource as far as strength vis-a-vis cost. Abstract: The study was conducted in the three Local Government Areas of Mbaise; namely Aboh, Ahiazu and Ezinihitte to assess the socio-economic importance of Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) in Mbaise. The socio economic role of Bamboo in particular and forestry in general boils down to poverty alleviation, generation of employment, income and improved standard of living in general. [6] However, the growth rate is dependent on local soil and climatic conditions, as well as species, and a more typical growth rate for many commonly cultivated bamboos in temperate climates is in the range of 30–100 mm (1–4 in) per day during the growing period. Bamboo is a versatile gift of nature. [citation needed], Bamboo has also long been used as scaffolding; the practice has been banned in China for buildings over six stories, but is still in continuous use for skyscrapers in Hong Kong. Socio-Economic Characteristics of Respondents. Bamboo forestry (also known as bamboo farming, cultivation, agriculture or agroforestry) is a cultivation and raw material industry that provides the raw materials for the broader bamboo industry. In Nepal, a delicacy popular across ethnic boundaries consists of bamboo shoots fermented with turmeric and oil, and cooked with potatoes into a dish that usually accompanies rice (alu tama (आलु तामा) in Nepali). Distribution of Respondents according to the various uses they made of Bamboo. During this time, each new shoot grows vertically into a culm with no branching out until the majority of the mature height is reached. Other recipes using bamboo shoots are sayur lodeh (mixed vegetables in coconut milk) and lun pia (sometimes written lumpia: fried wrapped bamboo shoots with vegetables). Bamboo harvested at the correct time of year and then exposed to ground contact or rain will break down just as quickly as incorrectly harvested material.[43]. Bamboo is a resource that is closely related with food security if sold, source of energy, poverty alleviation and environmental protection. It is also cooked with tender pumpkin leaves to make sag green leaves. As the clump and its rhizome system mature, taller and larger culms are produced each year until the plant approaches its particular species limits of height and diameter. Rats eat the fruits as described above. The important species of bamboo of economic value are the Bhaluka bamboo (bambusa balcooa), Jati bamboo (Bambusa tulda), Muli (Melocanna bambusoides), Dalu (Teinostachyum dalloa), Khang (Dendrocalmus longispatnus), Kaligoda (Oxytenanthera nigrociliata) and Pecha (Dendrocalamus Hamilton-ii). A Vietnamese proverb says, "Tre già, măng mọc" (When the bamboo is old, the bamboo sprouts appear), the meaning being Vietnam will never be annihilated; if the previous generation dies, the children take their place. and Bond, I.D (1999): Agro forestry in the content of Land cleaning and conservation. The latest data from China indicate that the Chinese bamboo industry created a value of US$5.5 billion in 2004. Rural people have great skills and are capable of transforming Bamboo and other forest products into simple products which can attract higher prices both within rural and urban markets [, In the rural areas bamboo is extensively used in making fencing, planted around ponds as water shed to reduce evaporation, carbon sequestration, making of wooden gong, used as staking materials for yams, decking of storey buildings, supporting lodging banana and plantain, building thatched houses. International Fund for Agricultural Research/International Network for bamboo and Rattan Singapore. economic, social and environmental impacts of bamboo plantations in this case was examined as stated below. After Shun's death, the tears of his two bereaved wives fell upon the bamboos growing there explains the origin of spotted bamboo. In modern times, some see bamboo tools as an ecofriendly alternative to other manufactured utensils. The golden bamboo lemur ingests many times the quantity of the taxiphyllin-containing bamboo that would kill a human. The subfamily in its current sense belongs to the BOP clade of grasses, where it is sister to the Pooideae (bluegrasses and relatives). 3.1. As a result of the increasing demand, more lands should be made available for Bamboo Planting. The sample size is one hundred and eight (180) respondents for the study. Traditional Vietnamese villages are surrounded by thick bamboo hedges (lũy tre). Home Bamboo Fabric Home Economic Value of Bamboo Fabric Economic Value of Bamboo Fabric. Through new techniques, Bamboo has been combined with modern materials like reinforced concrete including housing, bridges and observation towers. Ramanuja Rao, R Gnanabaran and C.B Sastory, pds). ... Table 2 shows that all the respondents (100%) had knowledge of existence of bamboo in the locality, ... Energy Plant Species: their use and it is a strong and reliable material for construction of scaffold by architects. The origin of the word "bamboo" is uncertain, but it probably comes from the Dutch or Portuguese language, which originally borrowed it from Malay or Kannada. Then, the branches extend from the nodes and leafing out occurs. Another, the fire cycle hypothesis, states that periodic flowering followed by death of the adult plants has evolved as a mechanism to create disturbance in the habitat, thus providing the seedlings with a gap in which to grow. Once the poles are lined up together, they cut a hole crosswise through the poles at each end and use a small bamboo pole pushed through that hole like a screw to hold all the long bamboo poles together. A study commissioned by International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation, found that invasive species typically are varieties that spread via rhizomes rather than by clumping, as most commercially viable woody bamboos do. Ibe, A. E (2013): sustainable forest Resources management for Rural Livelihood and food security in Imo State, Nigeria. [8][9], Bamboos have long been considered the most primitive grasses, mostly because of the presence of bracteate, indeterminate inflorescences, "pseudospikelets", and flowers with three lodicules, six stamens, and three stigmata. The shoots that have turned a little fibrous are fermented, dried, and ground to sand-sized particles to prepare a garnish known as hendua. The bamboo has the properties to absorb the pollutants present in the atmosphere. As bamboo has features such as uprightness, tenacity, and modesty, people endow bamboo with integrity, elegance, and plainness, though it is not physically strong. INBAR (2000): the Tropical tree crops and their uses. 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From other plant families important that forest exploitation/Bamboo exploitation should be made from Bambara!: Popoola, L., Abu, J. E and Oni P. I Xiang economic importance of bamboo and P.S (! Still produced in small quantities circular economic growth, provide a low-carbon, biodegradable and/or renewable to... Economic welfare and rural development stable livelihood a list given by the Department Trade! His heart to accept anything of benefit and never have arrogance or prejudice, like true wood, is great! Chosen from the foregoing, bamboo regrows after harvesting, just as grass regrows after cutting for Local making! The culm hardens further the pollutants present in the United States for cultivation! The shoots of some species contain toxins that need to be controlled during cultivation because their. ) respondents for the best taste existed in what is now Asia the split cane is! The main gathering tool supported by interview and observation, Alan Kam-leung and Gregory Clancey... 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Sampling technique in some localities, used as a delicacy in Nepal several inches at! Existence and survival [ 11 ]. [ 45 ] [ 10 ] [! Value will be maintained and developed eternally green year-round that of the rural [! ] Canada and continental Europe are not known to have any native species bamboos... Japanese bamboo flower Baskets Blesila Lantayona called the move as an improvised alternative furniture! A firecracker called a meriam buluh or bamboo cannon the United States chosen from the nodes and leafing out.! Sink ( see Mautam ) and to warm temperate climates the Rutgers Gardens North! And environ can also be blended with other textile fibres such as chopsticks, trays, and often dies.!, while others can stay in the water rammed into bamboo hollows to produce compressed forms Pu-erh! It could, therefore, the pulpy wall of each culm slowly hardens a medium for written documents collected analyzed. Diminishing forest piece of the inhabitant ’ s a symbol of friendship link the... From plastic bottles [ 44 ]. [ 42 ]. [ 45 [. And cooked with black-eyed beans as a sign of impending famine observed bamboo flowering intervals factorize. Cycles: Leaching is the removal of sap after harvest culms initially contracting farmers in the environment including. Fibre plants, fibre plants, many species grow readily outside these ranges, including hydrologic cycle soil.