Dugongs can live up to 70 years. [toc] Dugongs occur in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. ... At WWF, we work in Australia and in our Asia-Pacific backyard to protect endangered species and habitats, meet the challenge of climate change, and build a … Dugongs are classified as ‘Vulnerable’. Fun Facts About Dugongs. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Dugongs are hard to see when they come to the surface to breath. Humans destroy precious habitat--the natural environment of a living thing--when they fill swamps and marshes, dam rivers and cut down trees to build homes, roads and other developments. They are affected by fishing activities, coastal pollution, killed for their meat, or injured by boats. Conservation of the iconic “sea cow” and its seagrass habitat requires education and incentives. Female dugongs have one calf after a yearlong pregnancy, and the mother helps her young reach the surface and take its first breath. Dugongs help fight climate change by protecting seagrass meadows. Despite being a sea mammal, they are genetically more similar to elephants than they are to dolphins or whales. Dugongs swim slowly and are therefore easy to spot in the water, so hunting is one of the top reasons why they are endangered even though they are protected in a number of countries. Why are They Endangered? Moreover, the trade of the derived products from dugongs is banned by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. Dugongs are covered under three international conservation conventions: The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS or the Bonn Convention). Make a symbolic dugong adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. How many: 10 000 (As of 2009) Why: The worst threats to loggerhead turtles are habitat loss, wildlife trade, entanglement in fishing lines, climate change and pollution. They can consume up to 40 kilograms of seagrass in a day. Dugongs graze on seagrass, especially young shoots and roots in shallow coastal waters. Another thing that hurts these animals are boat propellors and hulls that bump into the dugong and cut its skin. Traditionally, dugongs were harpooned from canoes with a barbed harpoon attached to a rope and the dugong was held by its tail in the water until it drowned. Dugong (Dugong dugon) - endangered species listing The Scientific Committee, established by the Threatened Species Conservation Act, has made a Final Determination to list the Dugong, Dugong dugon (Müller 1776), as an ENDANGERED SPECIES on Part 1 of Schedule 1 of the Act. Humans are largely responsible when animals become extinct, endangered or threatened. Dugongs are threatened by sea grass habitat loss or degradation because of coastal development or industrial activities that cause water pollution. 2. The environment necessary for dugongs is a rich ecosystem which also attracts green turtles (Chelonia mydas) classified as “endangered” by the IUCN, hawksbill turtle young (Eretmochelys Imbricata) and a large variety of small invertebrates and fish species, as well as the young of shrimp and pelagic fish, elasmobranches such as guitar-rays, rays and sharks. "Dugongs are protected by the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and are considered vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN)'s Red List," Spolarich says. Endangered Species "Manatees and dugongs, also known as sea cows, are endangered species belonging to the scientific Order Sirenia. Throughout their range, many human activities threaten dugongs due to the nature of the dugong’s life cycle and its reliance on seagrass habitats. Despite this, Dugongs have good memories and are able to remember specific … 1. HUNTING Australian law still allows the hunting of endangered dugongs and other endangered species that live only in this country. All you often see is a small part of the head, back or tail breaking the water's surface. 4. The Dugong’s brain only makes up 0.1% of its bodyweight—300 grams of 400kg! This is why the UAE’s efforts to protect the dugong not just in local waters but also in communities across the globe deserves to be applauded. Although commercial hunting of Dugongs has been banned, Dugongs are still listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List due to habitat loss through coastal development as well as water pollution caused by industrial activities. The greatest threat today, however, is no longer from hunting, but, especially for the Caribbean manatee, from pleasure craft that can inflict serious injuries on the … Calls for a crackdown on illegal dugong killing in far north Queensland have been growing since the bodies of three of the endangered creatures were discovered near Cairns in April. Fully grown, they may be three metres long and weigh 400 kilograms. Dugongs grow to a maximum length of 13 feet (4 m) long and weight of 595 pounds (270 kg). Dugongs are known to migrate and disperse over vast distances; as such, their survival is dependent on their conservation and management over a wide area and in a wide range of marine and coastal habitats. 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