[111] The 1998 Act was amended by the Government of Wales Act 2006, which enhanced the institution's powers, giving it legislative powers akin to those of the Scottish Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly. The south-western coast is the sunniest part of Wales, averaging over 1700 hours of sunshine annually, with Tenby, Pembrokeshire, its sunniest town. [254], The largest religion in Wales is Christianity, with 57.6 per cent of the population describing themselves as Christian in the 2011 census. Christopher Williams, whose subjects were mostly resolutely Welsh, was also based in London. [39] After the Roman departure in AD 410, much of the lowlands of Britain to the east and south-east was overrun by various Germanic peoples. [226] In 2006, there were seventeen district hospitals in Wales. Two species of small rodent, the yellow-necked mouse and the dormouse, are of special Welsh note being found at the historically undisturbed border area. Although we are joined with England by land, and we are part of Great Britain, Wales is a country in its own right. The Saxons called the land on the other side of the dyke "Wales." Code-switching is common in all parts of Wales and is known by various terms, though none is recognised by professional linguists. [226] NHS Wales employs some 80,000 staff, making it Wales' biggest employer. [330] Wales has a tradition of producing world-class boxers. [2] William I of England established a series of lordships, allocated to his most powerful warriors, along the Welsh border, their boundaries fixed only to the east (where they met other feudal properties inside England). According to the 1980 United States Census, 26.34% of the total population of the United States, consisting of over 49 million Americans, claimed English ancestry. Minor cases are heard by the Magistrates' Courts or the County Court. Wales has a number of plant species not found elsewhere in the UK, including the spotted rock-rose Tuberaria guttata on Anglesey and Draba aizoides on the Gower. Numerous Welsh banks issued their own banknotes in the 19th century. [155][156] In the mid-19th century, Roderick Murchison and Adam Sedgwick used their studies of Welsh geology to establish certain principles of stratigraphy and palaeontology. [36] Both Caerwent and Carmarthen, also in southern Wales, became Roman civitates. [338] S4C, based in Carmarthen, first broadcast on 1 November 1982. [256] It is a province of the Anglican Communion, and was part of the Church of England until disestablishment in 1920 under the Welsh Church Act 1914. Artists from outside Wales were also drawn to paint Welsh scenery, at first because of the Celtic Revival. [282] The attitude of the post-war generation of Welsh writers in English towards Wales differs from the previous generation, with greater sympathy for Welsh nationalism and the Welsh language. Today, mammals include shrews, voles, badgers, otters, stoats, weasels, hedgehogs and fifteen species of bat. [236] Wales also received immigration from various parts of the British Commonwealth of Nations in the 20th century, and African-Caribbean and Asian communities add to the ethnocultural mix, particularly in urban Wales. [325] Wales has produced several world-class participants of individual and team sports including snooker players Ray Reardon, Terry Griffiths, Mark Williams and Matthew Stevens. [212] One of the first successful schooling systems was started by Griffith Jones, who introduced the circulating schools in the 1730s; these are believed to have taught half the country's population to read. [40] He is given as the ancestor of a Welsh king on the Pillar of Eliseg, erected nearly 500 years after he left Britain, and he figures in lists of the Fifteen Tribes of Wales. There are several sources in the destination country that may reveal where your ancestor came from. How do you put grass into a personification? Other relatives or a library may have documents naming the place, parish, city, or county, such as: 1. 6,000 square miles (15,000 sq km) Population 5 Million County Town (capital): York * In 1974 Yorshire was divided into four smaller counties - West, North, south and East Riding. [280] The First World War had a profound effect on Welsh literature with a more pessimistic style championed by T. H. Parry-Williams and R. Williams Parry. [359] Popular bands that emerged from Wales include Badfinger,[360] the Manic Street Preachers,[361] the Stereophonics and Feeder, the Super Furry Animals and Catatonia. Yorkshire is the largest traditional county of England. [313] The Wales national rugby union team takes part in the annual Six Nations Championship and has also competed in every Rugby World Cup, hosting the tournament in 1999. 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