References to it occur in early Sanskrit literature, but its early history is obscure until the 3rd century bce, when it formed part of the extensive Mauryan empire inherited by the emperor Ashoka. Fish recipes also form a part of every festive celebration in Bengal. This folk dance is performed specially during Charak festival and it is very much popular in North Bengal, especially in Malda district. West Bengal has a rich culture which is interrelated even to the history of India. Culture of West Bengal, a state in India. The present culture of Bengal has its roots in the history of the state. Known as perfect hosts, they predominantly include Hindus, Muslims and Christians. Chau Dance of Purulia, a rare form of Bengali dance, Gaudiya Nritya, a classical Bengali dance, Rava dance which are performed by the Rava women of Northern Bengal, Jatra, a popular folk theatre of Bengal, Tusu Parab, a sensational dance which is the main attraction of the Makar Sakranti, Jhumar, dance played mainly on agricultural themes, Raibense Dance, a dance which is based on martial arts and folk dances like Brita dance, Gambhira Dance, Santhal dance, Tusu dance and Lathi Dance. West Bengal is perhaps the wealthiest state in India with regards to its diverse culture, from it’s magnificent literature to the colorful and splendid festivals, the state is home to various interwoven traditions, existing in perfect harmony with one another. (PDF) Folk Culture of West Bengal | Dr. Falguni Dey - Academia.edu Bengal has traditionally been the adobe of folk culture in India. Mauryans, Guptas and Palas were succeeded by Sena Dynasty, who lost Bengal to Qutub ud-Din Aybak, the Sultan of Delhi. Bengali literature is considered as one of the richest in India. In the past, Bengal kept shuffling between the hands of various rulers, making it exposed to different cultures. Legends of Bengal. Just better. http://www.thebetterindia.com/41807/offbeat-music-festivals-that-should-be-on-your-list-to-attend-this-year/. Different traditions of the state are based on the Bengali folklore, Hindu epics and Puranas. https://www.slideshare.net/theotherhome/bengali-cuisine. ||    Tol Free No: 1800 2121 655 1, K. S. Roy Road, 3rd Floor, Kolkata - 700001, Bengali Theatre Hindus constitute 72.5% of the total population of West Bengal while the Muslims include 25% of population. Be it the different religions all assimilating into one or the lovely cultural events that seem to make up the glorious state that it is. Bengali Literature Gambhira dance is an example of one of the most famous devotional folk dances of Bengal. Through his works, he came to embody Bengali sensibilities, emotions and ethos. Pottery is another art form where you get images of gods and goddesses and clay pots and plates. DISCOVER. There is a variety of tribes found in almost all the nooks and corers of the state, which add a beautiful flavor to its culture. The sanctity of Hooghly, the beauty of Eastern Himalayas, … The state also takes the credit for being the pioneer of cosmopolitan culture in the country. Over the years, the culture of West Bengal has emerged as the perfect blend of modernity &traditions.The sanctity of the Ganges Hooghly, the beauty of Eastern … Bengali Cuisine ‘Nationalism Versus Regionalism’ Emerges Theme of West Bengal's 2021 Election. This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia.The original content was at Category:Culture of West Bengal.The list of authors can be seen in the page history.As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License. https://www.nakshi.com/blog/hasta-kala-art-crafting-hands-2/. The majority of West Bengal’s population constitute the Hindus. In most cases, it starts with the Kabin ceremony and ends with the Bou Bhat ceremony and usually, the rituals are classified as the Ghoti and Bangalrituals. Culture of West Bengal ‘What Bengal thinks today, India thinks tomorrow’ – these words of Gopal Krishna Gokhale exemplifies the place west Bengal held in Indian history. It is involved in conducting research and evaluation studies, seminars, workshops on various subjects relevant to Tribals, Scheduled Caste and Other Backward Classes of West Bengal. Bengali Cinema If we talk about culture in West Bengal, arts, music and literature can never be far behind. Dishes such as telebhaja, Beguni, Kati roll, phuchka, luchi, cholaar dal, kochuri and alurdom to chop-cutlet are some of the delicacies which Bengalis held to their heart. Music is an inseparable part of Bengali culture which constitutes a long tradition of secular and religious themes, which belong to the North Indian classical music, ‘Gharana’. From inventing Rosogolla to creating Sandesh, Bengal’s glory for sweets is as old as the land itself. Condolences to his family and admirers. Some of the elite names in Bengali literature include Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Dinabandhu Mitra, Sharat Chandra and Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyaya, and Kazi Nazrul Islam. The movies were the integral part … There is a lot of variety within Bengali music, from Bangla classic to Banga folk and even rock. All these religions live in peace and harmony with festivities like Durga Pooja, Id and Christmas is celebrated with the same fervour. West Bengal’s contribution to Indian culture is immeasurable, so is its talent pool in arts and crafts. The staple Bengali food comprises of rice and fish. Upload media Wikipedia: Authority control Q5193659. Bengal has a recorded history of 1,400 years. This former capital of India was the hot bed of Indian literary and artistic thought. New Secretariat Building Tappa, a classical song made its mark in Nineteenth century Bengal, of which the proponent Ramnidhi Gupta or Nidhi Babu penned innumerable songs. We have Bifurcated the History of West Bengal into four sections for the systematic study for WBPSC Exam by our students. Political ideology slowly wove its web in the heart of the easily swayed Bengali and everything else took a backseat. http://www.deccanchronicle.com/150826/nation-current-affairs/article/assam-west-bengal-uttarakhand-witness-higher-growth-muslim. Over the years, the culture of West Bengal has emerged as the perfect blend of modernity and traditions. Rice and fish are the trademarks of a Bengali cuisine with hilsa preparations, being the top favourite of the Bengalis. Culture. Having its deep roots in Bengali music, Bengali cinema and Bengali literature, it is a perfect blend of tradition and modernity. Fairs and festivals form an important part of all the religions of Bengal. Quite the same Wikipedia. West Bengal - West Bengal - History: The name of Bengal, or Bangla, is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga. Anguished by his demise. West Bengal shares a strong culinary bond with neighbouring states and neighbouring country, Bangladesh. http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-holi-celebrated-across-west-bengal-special-programmes-in-shantiniketan-to-mark-basanta-utsav-2351085. Kunst Kultur Trends Salmon, Hilsa, Bhetki, Magur, Carp, Rui and Prawns are some common verities of fish cooked in the state. Bengal was the richest part of Medieval India, West Bengal has a long tradition of popular literature, music and drama largely based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas. Culture of West Bengal. The sub-Himalayan tract, known as the West Bengal Duars, or Western Duars, is a part of the Tarai lowland belt between the Himalayas and the plain. Schlagwort: Culture of West Bengal Kalighat Malerei. The culture of Bengal defines the cultural heritage of the Bengali people native to eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, mainly what is today Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, where the Bengali language is the official and primary language. Bengali men wear Dhoti and Kurta during traditional festivals and Bengali women’s traditional dress is Sari, Salwar Kameez though western style attire has started gaining great importance among both men and women. Bengali Music Cultural Research Institute is a scientific and technical wing of the Backward Classes Welfare Department, Government of West Bengal. ||    This category has the following 50 subcategories, out of 50 total. However, Hindu and Muslim domination still prevails. The Trinamool Congress on Monday alleged that majority of the BJP leaders of West Bengal are not conversant with the cultural heritage of the state and are uttering dialogues akin to … Bengal's sartorial legacy derives from the royal patronage and the nobility that valued the richness of traditional techniques of weaving, embroidery and stitching. His influence is still there in West Bengal even today. About 38 in number, the tribes comprise nearly 2% of the entire population of West Bengal. Go through the above mentioned article to get familiarised with the cultural diversities of West Bengal and its beauty. The culture of West Bengal is considered to be one of the richest cultures in India. The other minorities include 1% of the entire population while 2% constitute tribals. Bankura has an international fame for the “Bankura Horse”- a terracotta crafted horse, and for Dashabatar Tash (the historic paintings). Each of these destinations has its own annual Village Mela celebrating their heritage, between October and March. Sweets form a source of pride for Bengalis with delicacies such as sandesh, rosogolla, chanar payesh, Chomchom, Kalojam being popular all over India. The state of West Bengal is synonymous with a rich cultural heritage that reflects in its literature, cuisine, music, painting and much more. http://www.ikingindia.com/ISS_/West%20Bengal/West%20Bengal_home.html. Bangla Music forms an important part of Bengali cultural heritage. Despite pioneering for the cosmopolitan culture in the country, it also contributed vastly to the reformation movements India witnessed over the years. With a sizeable Muslim population, the other religions that are found are Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains. ||   Located in the eastern end of Gangetic plain and extending from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal, West Bengal was subjected to plenty of influences from varied cultures. Bengal BJP leaders not familiar with state's culture, mouthing 'Gabbar Singh-type' dialogues: TMC The Trinamool Congress on Monday alleged that majority of the BJP leaders of West Bengal are not conversant with the cultural heritage of the state and are uttering dialogues akin to those of Gabbar Singh, the villain of 1975 Hindi film 'Sholay', to the chagrin of people. While TMC has been eager to push BJP as the 'outsiders' party', the latter has stuck to … The Capitol Kolkata (Calcutta) is called the Cultural capital of India. Shah had said earlier in the day that the rich “tradition of spirituality in West Bengal has been tarnished by appeasement politics”. With the decline of Mauryan power, anarchy once more supervened. The first Bengali movie, Bilwamangal, was released on 8th November 1919, only six years after the first full-length Indian feature film, Raja Harish Chandra. There is much more to West Bengal than big red bindis and dhoti kurtas. of Tourism, West Bengal, Sub-regional Conference on World Heritage. Om Shanti," Modi tweeted. Rabindranath Tagore became the key figure of the culture of Bengali in the early 20th century. Inhabited by people belonging to various ethnic and religious groups, West Bengal characterises religious tolerance, racial harmony, regional amity and linguistic tolerance. The region has been a historical melting point, blending indigenous traditions with cosmopolitan influences from pan-In… Some of the finest tea plantations of India are situated there. The state also has Rabindra Sangeet, Ganasangeet, Jeeban mukhi gaan and Bengali film song. The tryst of Bengal with cinema began in 1890s, when the first "bioscopes" became popular in Kolkata theatres. Different geographic regions of West Bengal have subtle as well as more pronounced variations between each other, with Darjeeling Himalayan hill region and Duars showing DISCOVER. http://en.westbengalguide.com/articles/bengali-literature.html. One of the most popular destinations exhibiting the rich cultural heritage of West Bengal is Bishnupur, about 130km by road from Kolkata. 90733 86803, 90733 86804, 90733 27315, Best viewed in Internet Explorer 9.0 or later/ Firefox / Google Chrome    Page rendered in 0.0662 seconds. In a land which was regarded as the melting pot of culture, Bengali dance drew inspiration from folk traditions and tribal groups. Bengal is the birth place of several social reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Vidyasagar, great saint Ram Krishna Paramahamsa and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Gambhira Dance is one of the Folk Dances of West Bengal which acquired a significant position in the culture of this state. Other aspects of Bengali culture include theatre and cinema, offering some world famous pieces, new and old. The state also takes the credit for being the pioneer of cosmopolitan culture in the country. Most of the villagers are farmers and other people work as carpenters, potters etc. The Bengalis are said to have … Once infested with malaria, the area is now well drained and cultivated. Shantiniketan. The first Bengali novel was ‘Alaler Ghorer Dulal’. Apart from the vocal and instrumental classic, Majlishi classic (with Thumri and Toppa) form an important part of Bengali Music. The perfect blending of these diverse cultures paved the way to a rich cultural heritage – Bengali culture which contributed significantly to the all the epochs of modern Indian history. The Department of Information and Cultural Affairs is the nodal agency for all information and public relations activities of the West Bengal Government. Politically saying, in the then The TMC leader further said that the Opposition BJP is 'divorced' from Bengal's culture and the same was proven from the fact that none of the BJP leaders participated in the last rites of legendary actor Soumitra Chatterjee on November 15. E-Mail : wbtourismpublicity1@gmail.com, Regional Tourist Office West Bengal, home to legendary preachers, poets, saints, singers, film-makers, sportsmen and academicians, was once the cultural capital of India. Legal Disclaimer    By 1900, the first production company in Bengal was set up, by Hiralal Sen, named the Royal Bioscope Company. "I have information that some of them were present at a party meeting at Jadavpur (in south Kolkata) around the same time on that day," Sen said. They are, in general, confined to the rural belt of the state. The first record of a Bengali literature is traced back to 8th – 12th century which is collection of Buddhist poems from eastern part of India, namely Charyapada or Charyageeti. The Bengali people are its dominant ethnolinguistic tribe. Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Dinabandhu Mitra, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Rabindranath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyayand Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay are some of the classic names in Bengali literature. © 2018 - 2020, Dept. Culture of West Bengal. Poush Mela is a popular festival of Shantiniketan taking place in winter every year. The purity of Hooghly, splendour of Eastern Himalayas, diversity of Sunderbans and fresh tea gardens offer more which cannot be neglected. Tourism Centre: 033-2243 6440 Sample the rich handloom and handicraft heritage at Hindustan Park in Kolkata, where two stores next to each other provide you with a fun and varied shopping experience that is modern yet steeped in antique culture. Over the years, the culture of West Bengal has emerged as the perfect blend of modernity &traditions.The sanctity of the Ganges Hooghly, the beauty of Eastern Himalayas, the diversity of Sunderbans and the freshness of the Tea Gardens, the beaches, the historical monuments, all blend together to constitute what we call the unique culture of West Bengal. Growth was replaced by grafitti and songs by slogans! Bengali literature is regarded as one of the richest in the world. The popular tours are - Fabulous Folks: South Bengal : This is good for a 5-7 days tour and we are happy to customize the package for guests, depending on their duration of stay and interest areas. Rabindra Nath Tagore, Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Swami Vivekananda also became of Bengal Renaissance. of Tourism, West Bengal     Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Like other parts of the world, with varied form of music, dance, drama and painting, folk culture represents the rustic inheritance of West Bengal. Bankura is famous for agriculture, the huge production of ‘Mango’ and ‘Mustard’. The culture of West Bengal is considered to be one of the richest cultures in India. The sanctity of Hooghly, the beauty of Eastern Himalayas, the diversity of Sunderbans and the freshness of the Tea Gardens, all blend together to constitute what we call the unique culture of West Bengal. "Shri Soumitra Chatterjee's death is a colossal loss to the world of cinema, cultural life of West Bengal and India. West Bengal is also famous for Muslin, a cotton cloth which is unique and light. In contemporary phase, the immense contribution of great Bengali director Satyajit Ray cannot be ignored. Have a read at the article to know more about the culture of West Bengal. http://jnrglobetrotters.com/fairs-festivals-of-west-bengal/. People belonging to almost all the religions practiced in India can be seen in West Bengal. Other arts and crafts for which Bengal is famous are Alpana floor drawings, Chikankari embroidery, Kalighat paintings, dolls, jute products, wood and sandalwood carvings and so on. Apart from boasting of its immense contribution in reformation movements, the state also takes the credit for being the pioneer of cosmopolitan culture in the country. The soul of Bankura hides in its rural villages. The minority communities in the state include Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains. ‘What Bengal thinks today, India thinks tomorrow’ – these words of Gopal Krishna Gokhale exemplifies the place west Bengal held in Indian history. In West Bengal, we have created 20 such destinations. Bengali people are considered to be great foodies and the appreciators of good taste. The soul of Bengal. After the death of Aurangzeb, Bengal became independent, with Muslim governors running the administration. The theatre in Bengal dates back to 18th century. There is a popular saying 'What Bengal thinks today, Rest of the India will think tomorrow'. Hence, it is no wonder that the capital of West Bengal, Kolkata, is known as the “Culture Capital Of India.” One of the most culturally prosperous states of India, West Bengal is filled with surprises. A discussion on the culture of West Bengal is incomplete without the mention of its tribal population. Bengali culture also has its root in Bengali music, Bengali cinema and Bengali literature. The cultural heritage of a state lies also in its textiles, weaves, pottery and crafts, and all of these are carefully preserved in West Bengal. The state possessed a long tradition of literature, drama and music, based mainly on Bengali folklore. This tells what a rich genetic inheritance the people of Bengal have. Privacy Policy, © 2018 - 2020, Dept. But sweetness is not restrained to just our palates. The culture of West Bengal is considered to be one of the richest cultures in India. Apart from the religion folk dramas prevalent in many parts of Bengal, Bengali plays with nationwide popularity are also churned out on a regular basis. In fact, the music of West Bengal compliments and adorns its culture. Bengali music has plenty of variety as it ranges from Bangla classic, Bangla folk and rock. The rural areas of Bengal will give us a glimpse of the authentic handicrafts which include Dhokra metal casting, a technique made use of by a tribe called Dhokra kamar tribe, original metal smiths of Bengal. The delicious Bengali cuisine also forms an important constituent of the state's cultural heritage. History of West Bengal The Capitol Kolkata (Calcutta) is called the Cultural capital of India. Other prominent film makers in the Bengali film industry are Bimal Roy, Ritwik Ghatak, Rituparno Ghosh, Goutam Ghosh and Aparna Sen. A Bengali wedding ritual and ceremonies that can span several days. Reflecting the rich art and cultural lineage of the state, it gained prominence during the freedom struggle of India, when it was used as a tool of expression. Religions in West Bengal The language also includes a wide variety of classic prose, poetry, and fiction and non-fiction drama. The colours and participation of people of religions, categories in the festivals along with wide range of Creative Arts and crafts now being adored all over as “Biswa Bangla”. The popular festivals that are celebrated in West Bengal are Durga Puja, Poila Baishakh, Rathayatra, Dolyatra or Basanta-Utsab, Nobanno, Poush Parbon (festival of Poush), Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja, Laxmi Puja, Christmas, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha and Muharram, Bôŗodin. The culture of West Bengal is an Indian Culture which has its roots in the Bengali literature, music, fine arts, drama and cinema. West Bengal is the land of cultural diversities as well as numerous religious events. Thumri, lightest classical style, proposed by Nawab Wazid Ali Shah was also quite popular. Shantiniketan is a small town near Bolpur in the Birbhum district of West Bengal and about 212 kms north of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta). No wonder Bengali food mesmerises all the foodies all over India. The first evidence of Bengali literature is formed by a collection of 8th-12th century CE Buddhist mystic poems from Eastern India, named Charyapada or Charyageeti. History and Culture of West Bengal West Bengal History can be traced back to the Prehistoric Period , with the development of Civilization in the Ancient History of West Bengal. Glory for sweets is as old as the perfect blend of tradition and modernity ‘ Versus. Discussion on the culture of this state to be one of the total population of West,. Indian literary and artistic thought with malaria, the culture of West Bengal shares a culinary. 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