These include vascular wall hypertrophy, thickened capillary basement membrane and other connective tissue adaptations. They are herbivores, which means that they eat plants. Overall, we found the skin of the giraffe to vary from 1.47 to 18.62 mm, and all regions examined showed skin thicknesses that were smaller than and larger than this predicted value. The tongue allows the giraffe to reach leaves on thorny branches without scratching its face or eyes. This makes their blood pressure double the amount of most mammals and makes their heart have to work that much faster. Giraffes are the tallest of all land animals; males (bulls) may exceed 5.5 metres (18 feet) in height, and the tallest females (cows) are about 4.5 metres. Circulatory System  With giraffes having such long necks, their heart has to work its very best to pump blood up the neck to the brain One of the most powerful hearts of any mammal is the giraffes weighing around 24 pounds and measuring 2 feet long! The giraffe browses on the twigs of trees, preferring plants of the Mimosa genus; but it appears that it can, without inconvenience, live on other vegetable food. According to this equation, the thickness of the skin of the giraffe fully analyzed here, that had a body mass of 280 kg, should be 4.5 mm. By virtue of its tallness and terrestrial environment, the giraffe is a uniquely sensitive African animal to investigate tissue adaptations to gravitational stress. Other anatomical adaptations in dependent tissues of giraffes represent developmental adjustments to high and variable gravitational forces. Giraffes grow about 4 feet (1.2 meters) in their first year of life. Some giraffes are also prone to various skin diseases. Giraffe Characteristics. Their long necks come in handy for reaching foliage at the tops of tall trees. A giraffe can eat 63 kg (140 lb) of leaves and twigs daily. The pace of the giraffe is an amble, though when pursued it can run extremely fast. A reticulated giraffe’s height enables it to reach food sources that are out of reach for other animals. When giraffes are eating they can swallow there food and look out for predators then regurgitate it back up and finish chewing it * Thick hooves so the hot ground does not burn their skin Giraffes have unique pattern on their body and no two giraffes share same pattern. Giraffe, (genus Giraffa), any of four species in the genus Giraffa of long-necked cud-chewing hoofed mammals of Africa, with long legs and a coat pattern of irregular brown patches on a light background. Many young giraffes, called calves, die from lion attacks during their first year of life. These pressures, combined with a tight skin layer, move fluid upward against gravity. The long neck is a later adaptation since such ancestors had short necks and were smaller resembling more a modern okapi than an actual giraffe. 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2020 giraffe skin adaptations