Cassius Dio relates a more elaborate way of dishonoring Crassus’s remains: “And the Parthians, as some say, poured molten gold into his mouth in mockery.”. Soon Crassus became a very rich man. This conflict brought tragedy to the young Crassus’ life, but it also brought great opportunity. As part of the arrangement, Crassus took control of Syria, a wealthy province that, he hoped, would give him even more wealth and an opportunity for more military triumphs. links: '#99ffff' "The Death of Marcus Licinius Crassus" shows Crassus before gold is poured down his throat. to form a political alliance that would come to dominate Rome: the so-called First Triumvirate. In the civil war that ensued against Marius, Crassus played a decisive part. When a Roman general achieved a significant military victory, the city would organize a ceremony, known as a triumphus (triumph) in his honor. new TWTR.Widget({ Marcus Licinius Crassus was one of the richest Romans in history. According to Plutarch, “the greatest part of Rome, at one time or another, came into his hands.”. In the early 70s B.C. Soon Crassus became a very rich man. Fires were quite common in Rome, yet the city did not have an organized firefighting force. He was the second son of the renowned senator Publius Licinius Crassus. Money was not enough for Crassus, the richest man in Rome, Photograph by H. Lewandowski/RMN-Grand Palais; Schöfmann/AGE Fotostock. Crassus was known in Rome as Dives, meaning "The Rich". Crassus was aware that he had been chosen because Pompey and his forces were unavailable (they were in Hispania), but he was willing to make the most of this opportunity. 18. The consulate in Rome was usually followed by a governorship in foreign provinces. Crassus was killed in the fighting. In 87 BCE, on the losing side against the forces of Gaius Marius and Cornelius Cinna, he committed suicide and the young Crassus fled to Spain. Marcus Licinius Crassus was one of the richest Romans in history. American Prairie Filmworks 1,363,908 views Military victories in the first century B.C. One of Crassus’ most valuable assets was his enslaved workforce of more than 500 people. Crassus joined forces with two other men in 60 B.C. In 65 BC, Crassus was made the censor along with Quintus Lutatius Catulus. Crassus eventually amassed a fortune almost equal to that of the annual income of the Roman Treasury. In 87 BC, the forces of Gaius Marius seized control of Rome during what became known as The Social War. Pompey’s three legions were essential to the efforts to recapture Rome, feats that drew great praise from Sulla, who allowed him to marry his stepdaughter. Did Marcus Aurelius offered the throne to Pompeianus? It is worth mentioning that in the half of the 1st century BCE in Rome, there were no fire fighting services. Crassus got his revenge while commanding the left wing of Lucius Cornelius Sulla’s army, making a fortune from proscriptions himself. A subtle blend of being a slumlord and fireman. • Ancient Rome. Ancient History: Mar 3, 2013 .Aqua { -->, eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'socialstudiesforkids_com-box-3','ezslot_0',117,'0','0']));Marcus Licinius Crassus: Rome's Wealthiest Man, • The First Triumvirate Marcus Licinius Crassus, (born c. 115 bc —died 53), politician who in the last years of the Roman Republic formed the so-called First Triumvirate with Julius Caesar and Pompey to challenge effectively the power of the Senate. The whole Mediterranean world was, in fact, at the mercy of the Roman nobility and of a new class of Roman businessmen, the equites (“knights”), which had grown rich on military contracts and on tax farming. While known for his greed, Crassus was also capable of being generous. His jealousy increased as his protégé Caesar claimed even more glory. Soon he also became the financial patron of Julius Caesar, supporting him in his election to become the Pontifex Maximum. Despite this, Crassus and Pompey were named consuls in 70 B.C. Crassus’ generosity served an important political purpose. Crassus had political and military ambitions and used his wealth to pursue them. Crassus would then spruce up the building, using his slave labor, and sell the building at a profit. 4 sestertii is one denarius. Marcus Licinius Crassus was one of the most powerful men in Rome. By 62 BCE, Crassus had become something of a patron of the younger Caesar, whose considerable political debts Crassus paid off. At least 5,000 slaves had escaped and were moving toward Gaul. Crassus became reach mostly by taking advantage of Sulla’s Prescriptions and getting almost free land, then he sold it for a (huge) profit. Become a Redditor. Crassus took care of Caesar’s debts before he left on his governorship of Hispania Ulterior (in southern Spain) in 62 B.C., further solidifying the relationship between the two men. Writing more than 200 years after Crassus’ death, Roman historian Cassius Dio related an episode where Crassus boasted to a Parthian ambassador that he would take the western Parthian capital Seleucia; the ambassador laughed, pointed at his palm, and said: “Sooner will hair grow here than you shall reach Seleucia.”. } rpp: 6, Consulship was only for a year, and the two served in other posts after that. tweets: { Crassus was the son of Publius Licinius Crassus, who was consul in 97 BCE and a commander in Iberia, even gaining a triumph for his victories in Lusitania in 93 BCE. While Pompey was solidifying his hold on Spain and Caesar was invading Britain and subduing Gaul, Crassus launched his attack on Parthia. The Parthians would now become one of Rome’s most powerful enemies for the next few centuries; all this stemming from the avarice of Crassus and the critical decisions that doomed his campaign. According to several sources, in 53 BCE, Crassus proposed that he act as general to wage a military campaign against the Parthians (modern Turkey). According to Plutarch, his head and one hand are sent to King Orodes II. One of his ways to become rich was organizing a "fire brigade". If he served the republic with a military command abroad, he could come back with an enhanced reputation, a bulging purse, and a debt to his patron. Following Cinna's death, Crassus sided with Sulla against Marius, and, as one of his most able commanders, helped him … His gratitude allowed Crassus to be the prime beneficiary of a highly lucrative process of revenge, in which Sulla confiscated the assets of Marius’s followers and then let his allies buy them at bargain prices, sowing the seeds of Crassus’ real estate empire. Fabulously wealthy. He earned his fortune of proscriptions, slave trafficking, judicious purchases of land and houses, purchases of burning property. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- One of his ways to become rich was organizing a “fire brigade”. Crassus and Pompey were still the two most powerful figures in Rome and still did not trust each other. Marcus Licinius Crassus is said to be the richest man in Rome and is also a senator of the Republic. This line was not descended from the wealthy Crassi Divites, although often assumed to be. His father committed suicide and his brother was killed during the uprising of Cornelius Cinna in 87 BC. Rich and influential, he joined the triumvirate for both practical and emotional reasons. Julius Caesar and Crassus had a relationship based on mutual interest. The three could work together to subvert any opposition in the Roman Senate. As a result, he amassed a huge fortune and became powerful and well-known on the strength of his wealth. This great empire flourished through innovation and incorporation of the diverse cultures they conquered, such as the adoption of Latin and gladiatorial combat. All agree, however, that he did not return to Rome except to be buried. Crassus provided Caesar with money to cancel his debts, and Caesar later used his influences to boost the political career of his ally. The third member was the proud and powerful Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, Pompey the Great, a former rival and now an uneasy ally. Crassus correctly saw young Caesar as a man on the make; if he relieved Caesar from debt, that favor would be eventually repaid. Crassus’s keen eye for business, and instinct for any opportunity to increase his wealth, took him into extremely dubious moral territory. The power of money. He held the rank of praetor when the Spartacus-led slave revolt broke out, in 73 B.C. Near Carrhae, a town in what is now Turkey, Crassus engaged the Parthian forces, led by General Surenas who fought with cunning and patience. Together, they made an alliance called a triumvirate. Instead, he became synonymous with the dangers of unbridled lust for money, power, and glory. He dealt a stunning defeat to the slaves, crucifying 6,000 captives along the Appian Way. Crassus was the wealthiest man in the Roman Empire. We have no idea what either of those things are but we do know he's listed as one of the 10 richest men in history. 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