The study of human adaptations to social and physical environments. Geography. McGovern, Thomas H. 2000. Terms in this set (59) ... for example, nomadic migration - that has a closed route & is repeated annually or seasonally ... diffusion of a process with negative side effects or what works well in one region many not in another. Niels Bohr Institute Centre for Ice and Climate. 0. Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) is knowledge about how the environment works that has been accumulated through generations of experience with a particular environment (Berkes 1999). AP Human Geography Unit 1 Vocab and Examples questionGlobalization answerThe expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in a scale and impact. directions such as left, right, back, up, down, based on people’s perception of places. Thus, tropical climates were said to make people lazy and sensual, which in turn was held to explain why tropical societies such as those of Africa or Latin America were not as developed as temperate societies (Huntington 1915). Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change. However, today's people of Anchorage (Native and non-Native) do have a maize-based society, because modern Alaskan culture gives people the knowledge and incentives to establish long-distance trading relationships with regions like the Midwest that can grow maize. The following guide will be updated periodically with hyperlinks to excellent resources. In that time human populations have spread around the … A geographic area associated with a historic event, activity, person, or exhibiting cultural or aesthetic values. A method of collecting data or info through instruments that are physically distant from the area/object of study. Those religious beliefs function to make the society well-adapted, without the people catching on to what's happening. B.L. The fourth theme of geography as defined by GENIP; uniqueness of a location. A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not a physical demarcated entity. Unfortunately, novel and rapidly-changing environmental conditions can outpace either. Details. The term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independently of each other. study of how why and at what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture. New York: Scribner. Civilization and Climate. Barrows, Harlan H. “Geography as Human Ecology.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 13.1 (1923): 1–14. France is on the Northwest border of Spain is an example of…. The spread of an innovation or idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in tan exploding area of dissemination. A classic example that illustrates the complexities of adaptation is the contrasting fates of the Norse and Inuit in Greenland ( McGovern 2000 ). What is an example of relocation diffusion? TEK can usually give you good information about what to do when the environment is within the historic range of variability, but when conditions are outside that range, TEK has not had time to develop an answer. A collection of computer hard-ware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stated, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user. Thankfully, Dr. Michael Kirton took the guesswork out of it when he created his adaptation-innovation theory in 1976, giving businesses, for example, a reliable inventory for assessing employees. The idea of environment-as-backdrop holds that the natural environment has little or no direct effect on human societies. Krech, Shepard. that that environment has experienced in the past. A Vocabulary List for AP Human Geography Martha Sharma Retired teacher Hilton Head, South Carolina Unit III. Study 126 AP Human Geography Unit 3 flashcards from Brice G. on StudyBlue. Unlike the Tsembaga religious beliefs that just happened to also ensure sustainable resource use, TEK is consciously recognized as information about the environment. What is an example of a Cultural Landscape. What is the 0 degree longitude called and what city does it cross through? The Inuit learned to use the entire seal or whale due to the fact that resources are very scarce in the Arctic. During the Medieval Warm Period, this was an effective source of power, as the climate was suitable for cattle-raising as an adaptation. ... A form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place. 327�339. Maps that tell stories , typically showing the degree of some attribute or movement of a geographic phenomenon. What is the name of the Parallel at 0 degrees? Science and traditional ecological knowledge can be great guides to adapting to the environment. This means that you normally get one major innovation per species. Measurement of the physical space between two places. Description. Title. Science may likewise be stumped. The internal physical physical attributes of a place, including its absolute location, its spatial character and physical setting. This climate shift presented a challenge for both the Norse and Inuit. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. ... AP Human Geography Unit 3 (Pop and Folk Culture) 19 terms. The representation on a plane surface of any part of the surface of a celestial sphere. This is important to Human Geography because many names mean significant things including beliefs of … 79 times. Culture unit vocab. Environmental determinism is the view that the natural environment determines the characteristics of human societies. Scientific American 225: 116-132. Level. Cultural Adaptation. Deloria Jr., Vine. It helps chat broader strategics and make critical decisions. Created. Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. Ch. Throughout the history of modern social science, two extreme opposite positions have been tempting pitfalls for thinkers: environmental determinism and environment-as-backdrop. core-periphery idea that houses main economic power of a region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties. 1 Vocab. Research had documented that these societies lived in balance with their local ecosystems, never undermining the sustainability of the system. Modern cars, phones, computers, airplanes, modern trains. Developed by GENIP, the five themes of geography are location, human-environment, region, place, and movement. Through examples, exercises, and readings, students will learn the types of questions different techniques are designed to … Science aims to produce reliable generalizations about phenomena in the world, which will allow us to explain, predict, and control them. In Horizons in Anthropology, ed. Played 0 times. Though the Norse were relatively democratic by medieval European standards (the Icelandic Alþingi is one of the world's oldest parliaments), Norse society still had a clear hierarchy between nobles and commoners. 1995. What is an example of Contagious Diffusion? ap human geography unit 3. ... cultural ecology: Definition. Because environmental conditions are prone to change, it is often useful to talk about societies as having some level of adaptive capacity (Adger et al. Why the West Rules -- For Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future. The mobility of people, goods, and ideas across the surface of the Earth. The view that natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through local population by contact from person to person -analogous to the communication of contagious illness. Used to determine the location of things by measurement of angular distance, in degrees east or west from the Prime Meridian. Geography - Geography - Human geography as locational analysis: In human geography, the new approach became known as “locational” or “spatial analysis” or, to some, “spatial science.” It focused on spatial organization, and its key concepts were embedded into the functional region—the tributary area of a major node, whether a port, a market town, or a city shopping centre. This information, which may not meet strict scientific standards of proof, is then used to advise further choices about strategies for adaptation, which are then in turn monitored to see how they worked out. A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples. Indeed, the Norse name for all the native people of the Americas was "skrælingjar," which means "wretches" -- implying that their way of life was nasty and poor, and not worthy of emulation. The details of the cycle are too complex to go into here, but the main point is that the Tsembaga do not see it as serving to ensure adaptation to their environment. Meyer, 685-701. 1996. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the key concepts! A compass direction such as North or South. Examples are when the US tried to assimilate the indigenous people. 2006). Ingold, Tim. In particular, the cooling climate made it more difficult to procure land-based foods like cattle. Because of this, sociologists who believe that the environment's effects are important have had to struggle to get their ideas accepted by their discipline. 2000. innovation adoption. Cultural ecology is the study of relationships between human cultures and the environment, or how people interact with each other because of their environmental context. It transcends state boundaries and has various outcomes. Geography >> AP Human; Shared Flashcard Set. Rather than looking for complete information before beginning to decide how to adapt to an environmental condition, adaptive management aims to generate information through attempts to adapt. Norse settlers arrived in 986 CE, bringing with them a culture that had been developed in other North Atlantic islands like Iceland and the Shetland Islands. The study of human adaptations to social and physical environments. 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