Juan Pardo was a Spanish explorer who was active in the later half of the sixteenth century. Jim Glanville. In December, 1566, Captain Juan Pardo left the Spanish capital of St. Elena and traveled into North Carolina in search of an overland route to Mexico. He led a Spanish expedition from the Atlantic coast through what is now North and South Carolina and into eastern Tennessee on the orders of Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, in an attempt to find an inland route to a silver-producing town in Mexico. 103 Figure 5. The map shows the route of their expedition against the neighboring Indians in the spring of 1567. This figure combines Sketch by the author showing the general relationship between the Soto and Pardo routes. These men helped the people of Joara attack communities in the mountains. Thus, Pardo established the first European settlement in North Carolina. (He renamed the Indian town, Cuenca, after his hometown in Spain.) Juan Pardo’s route. This book concerns the nearly-forgotten expeditions of Juan Pardo through the Carolinas and across the Appalachians to Tennessee in 1566,67,and 68. Looking for a route to Mexico, the Spaniards traveled a circuitous yet northwestern route from Santa Elena (near Tybee Island, Georgia) into northeastern South Carolina and Piedmont North Carolina. He traveled to Spanish Florida in the fleet of General Sancho de Archiniega in 1566 as the captain of one of the six military companies sent to reinforce the colony founded by … The Spanish presence in North Carolina lasted only eighteen months. Here, Pardo built his first fort, Fort San Juan, named after himself and because the Spanish arrived there on the Day of San Juan. Juan Pardo departed the area in December 1566 and returned March 7, 1567. Juan Pardo, the Indians of Guatari, and first contact: The Guatari Indians lived in an influential settlement near Trading Ford and were led by a female chief. In 1567, they encountered Spanish explorers led by Captain Juan Pardo who came through the North Carolina Piedmont with grand hopes of creating a powerful empire. During Juan Pardo’s first expedition (1566-67), the Spanish constructed Fort San Juan near present-day Morganton, North Carolina.. Fort San Juan was a late 16th-century fort built by the Spanish under the command of conquistador Juan Pardo in the native village of Joara, in what is now Burke County, North Carolina. Pardo set out on his second expedition from Santa Elena on September 1, 1567, and followed basically the same route, although this journey took him into eastern Tennessee. de Soto route. Spanish soldier, explorer. Juan Pardo was born in Cuenca, Spain, in the first half of the sixteenth century. DePratter, Hudson, and Smith: Juan Pardo's Explorations in the Interior Southeast,1566-1568. He visited several of the towns that Hernando De Soto had passed through more than twenty-five years before. The following is taken from "The Juan Pardo Expeditions" by Charles Hudson. Included in the book are the official accounts in Spanish of Pardo's expeditions plus English translations. The new afterword reveals recent archaeological evidence of Pardo’s Fort San Juan--the earliest site of sustained interaction between Europeans and Indians--demonstrating the accuracy of Hudson’s route … The spot, which is also referred to as The Berry Site (in recognition of the Berry family, who owns the land), was initially an Indigenous settlement and became the base of operations for Captain Juan Pardo, a Spanish explorer, in 1567 (see his travel route here). His book about De Soto's route is definitive. 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