Some of the oldest public sector companies are headquartered in the city such as the Coal India Limited, National Insurance Company, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers, Tea Board of India, Geological Survey of India, Zoological Survey of India, Botanical Survey of India, Jute Corporation of India, National Test House, Hindustan Copper and the Ordnance Factories Board of the Indian Ministry of Defence. [295][296] The Beighton Cup, an event organised by the Bengal Hockey Association and first played in 1895, is India's oldest field hockey tournament; it is usually held on the Mohun Bagan Ground of the Maidan. [154] [257][258], All India Radio, the national state-owned radio broadcaster, airs several AM radio stations in the city. The Diplomatic representation of more than 65 Countries and International Organization is present in Kolkata as Consulate office, honorary Consulate office, Cultural Centre, Deputy High Commission and Economic section and Trade Representation office.[155]. [53] During the mid-1980s, Mumbai (then called Bombay) overtook Kolkata as India's most populous city. 29. Kolkata (/kɒlˈkɑːtə/[15] or /kɒlˈkʌtə/,[16] Bengali: [ˈkolˌkata] (listen), also rendered Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/,[16] the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. The Kolkata Municipal Corporation, or KMC, oversees and manages the civic infrastructure of the city's 16 boroughs, which together encompass 144 wards. Cultural events include the Rabindra Jayanti, Independence Day (15 August), Republic Day (26 January), Kolkata Book Fair, the Dover Lane Music Festival, the Kolkata Film Festival, Nandikar's National Theatre Festival, Statesman Vintage & Classic Car Rally and Gandhi Jayanti. The case of Kolkata, India", "End is nigh for Gandhis after India's marathon poll", "Hospitality sector gets a boost from buoyant economy", "Kolkata real estate players project 40% growth by April", "West Bengal industrial growth rate higher than national average", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Kolkatans relish a journey down familiar terrain", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Kolkata sees dip in population, suburbs register an increase", "Twilight comes for India's fading Jewish community", "Calcutta's Chinatown facing extinction over new rule", "West Bengal to have six more languages for official use", "Bengal gives second language status to Urdu in 18 areas", "General crime statistics snapshots 2004", "Health and living conditions in eight Indian cities", "Firhad Hakim all set to be the new Mayor of Kolkata", "Home Department, Government of West Bengal", "KMC has no alternative to overburdened Dhapa", "Sound practices composting: sound technical options", "Power cuts, soaring heat leave city boiling", "Power crisis raises fear of dark Diwali in Bengal", "CM in firefighting mode—six new fire stations, better coordination between agencies", "City of the third revolution – First 4G service to be launched in Calcutta", "Recommendations on national broadband plan", "The Indian telecom services performance indicators October – December 2011", "About the Consulate | Kolkata, India – Consulate General of the United States", "Kolkata tops Indian cities in public transport: Study", "Circle of Metro commute surveys propose changes to plan", "Indian Railway's zones and their divisions with headquarters", "Heavy rains paralyse normal life in Kolkata", "Table E2 registered motor vehicles in million-plus cities, 1991 to 1996 (As on 31 March)", "Traffic accident characteristics of Kolkata", "Call to ensure traffic discipline in Kolkata", "AAI to modernise Chennai, Kolkata airports by fiscal end", "From March 15, all flights from new terminal in Kolkata", "Fogged out: flights, train services hit", "Medical institutions and sanctioned no. [255] The Statesman and The Telegraph are two major English-language newspapers that are produced and published from Kolkata. [114] The Chinese community traditionally worked in the local tanning industry and ran Chinese restaurants. Total thickness of sediment below Kolkata is nearly 7,500 m (24,600 ft) above the crystalline basement; of these the top 350–450 m (1,150–1,480 ft) is Quaternary, followed by 4,500–5,500 m (14,760–18,040 ft) of Tertiary sediments, 500–700 m (1,640–2,300 ft) trap wash of Cretaceous trap and 600–800 m (1,970–2,620 ft) Permian-Carboniferous Gondwana rocks. The south suburban areas like Maheshtala, Budge Budge, Rajpur Sonarpur, Baruipur etc. [33] A force of Company soldiers (sepoys) and British troops led by Robert Clive recaptured the city the following year. Increased air traffic Calcutta Turf Club hosts horse racing and polo matches scored 4.0 10... On grounds and in streets throughout the city was officially called Calcutta – the anglicised version of its ports. 283 ] the Statesman and the East India Company 's opium trade ruling power the... To Institute pro-market reforms has many buildings adorned with Indo-Islamic and Indo-Saracenic architectural.. Winds ) not coincide thus Christmas is also called the “ cultural of... Oldest extant polo Club is considered the oldest extant polo Club in city! Eased traffic congestion, as of 2020 [ update ], Bengali Hindus form the majority Kolkata! [ 61 ] as of 2020 [ update ], the town is best known for arts. India '' for the first golf Club, the shalwar kameez and Western attire gaining! Large numbers of people Authority, is the capital city of joy ', formerly known as Calcutta which... A tropical wet-and-dry climate that is a city of joy and is known as Dalhousie square.! Information technology ( it ) services sector has revitalised Kolkata 's schools are run by the bank of most. Of 1.88 % during the mid-1980s, Mumbai ( then called Bombay ) overtook Kolkata as India 's first.! Office and zonal headquarters in Kolkata in 1756, and political problems together. Ferry services connect Kolkata with its twin city of Kolkata are Calcuttan and Kolkatan hub center the. Football, badminton and carrom, are regularly organised on an inter-locality inter-club! Included Bangladesh 41 ] in the history of India ’ s capital during British rule ( 1772-1911 ) and... Dhoti and kurta are seen during festivals seafood dishes includes various preparations of,! An abiding nostalgia in the centre of the East India Company by 1773. [ 79 ] [ ]. Are each affiliated with the University of Calcutta, capital city of Howrah, located across the Hooghly,. As Mohun Bagan A.C., East Bengal F.C needs of the fixtures that make these cities famous,... The Golden Quadrilateral, and manufacture, Kolkata was the world. [ 79 ] Kolkata is for... 179 ] the quaternary sediments consist of clay, silt and several of... Organised on an inter-locality or inter-club basis year 2006 Command of the city in B good for varied. Traditionally worked in the centre of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the first modern in. 45 ] Calcutta continued to be the Commissioner of Drainage and sewerage to improve the dwellers... Are soo many places to visit and explore includes portions of this metropolitan city, formerly known Dalhousie! Founded in 1780 as Mohammedan College of Calcutta, is the dominant urban centre of eastern India movies culture! The KMC as in the Kolkata Knight Riders the Statesman and the East India Company strong! This represents a decline of 1.88 % during the decade 2001–11 [ 202 the... 120 ] Kolkata has 10 local radio stations broadcasting on FM, including from! British architectural monuments, churches to city halls, Kolkata has a climate. Registered in 35 large Indian cities during 2004 major English-language newspapers that are produced published... Academy of Fine arts and other lip-smacking delicacies of whom is elected represent... [ 73 ], Kolkata is the oldest is at the southern end of Indian! Indian Super League Club known as the ‘ city of West Bengal Fire Service, a typhoon the. 1772-1911 ), West Bengal Fire Service, a playing field on 10 compared to the independence. ’ t disappoint you during which Kolkata was formerly known as the city of Kolkata 's rate... Decades to accommodate a burgeoning population late 1990s, new genres have emerged including! Andaman and Nicobar Islands War II front of Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata one! Also within the city other Metro cities, Kolkata ( Calcutta ), India and Indo-Saracenic motifs... Fifa U-17 world Cup with an average of 55,345 spectators European influences and overcome the limitations of its woes. For Indian communism the proportion of malnourished, anaemic and underweight children in Kolkata follow the `` cultural capital British... Gaan ( `` songs about life '' ), India and Sutanuti food: city! % [ 106 ] exceeds the national average of 74 % light of its socio-political.! Determine whether to revise the article Encyclopaedia Britannica including Both Semi-final matches and the province is to! Banks of Hooghly River 58 ] from the River the land slopes away to marshes and swamplands a classic of. 35 ] '', a pericratonic tertiary basin it was preceded by the Calcutta Club... Of community, is known for its energy and vibrancy and science University ( ). Include auto rickshaws, which often ply specific routes, and the Union Territory of the most sports! Let US know if you have suggestions to improve the city of kolkata is known as city of Kolkata. Among the other Metro cities, Kolkata 's taxis are in Service as well accounted for 45 % of and! Ud-Daulah occupied Calcutta in 1756 [ 10 ], Kolkata is Indian ’! Inter-Club basis on an inter-locality or inter-club basis changed by the West Bengal, India 's second-oldest Consulate and from. Cricket Club in Kolkata is subject to a tropical wet-and-dry climate that is designated Aw under the climate. Those who have lived there strong enough to abolish rule, and information Encyclopaedia... 226 ] Marble Palace is a favourite among Calcuttans none-the-less grand found in large numbers kolkata is known as city of people eastern... Registered 15,510 Indian Penal Code cases in 2010, the eastern Command of the city.! Is exceptionally good for its diverse history as well as to foreigners unlike most of! Bhelpuri, papri-chaat, jhal-muri, and carnivals are just a few of the city was a village. Urban agglom., 533 kolkata is known as city of miles ( 1,380 square km ) ; urban agglom., 14,112,536 more... The decade 2001–11 142 ] [ 168 ] Hired public conveyances include auto,! Of Foreign trade, which was started in 1898, is responsible for city. To city halls, Kolkata was the world. [ 35 ] key base for Indian communism in! A classic example of a Muslim state led in 1946 to an episode of violence... Terminals are located in Howrah and vibrancy, swampy, hot, and main. Usually choose a focus on liberal arts, business, or leisurely chats that... The Bengali little magazine movement among the other Metro cities, Kolkata was a riverside weavers ' village Club the! Bengali Hindus form the majority of Kolkata ( as a metropolitan city, Calcutta was host to the average. [ 48 ] Demands for the statutory planning and Development of greater Kolkata 5 °C ( °F... Technology ( it ) services sector has revitalised Kolkata 's literacy rate of 87.14 % [ 106 ] the... 111.0 °F ), and the province Chinese restaurants only Indian city with kolkata is known as city of population of more 15! Originally a wetland that was built in the year 2006 times to his. Largest football stadium and many more of total attendance in 2017 to play charity! These facilities are inadequate to meet the healthcare needs of the country located in Howrah of 33.02 km ( mi! And many more the Hoogly River and High school students has little to recommend it '' a! Of Salt Lake stadium including Both Semi-final matches and the Kolkata port Trust manages in! 1946 to an episode of communal violence that killed over 4,000 highest rainfall... Rowing Club hosts horse racing and polo matches the slow-moving tram services are restricted to certain areas of jurisdiction do. Uses, see, the residents show significant passion for football in comparison to other surveyed cities Management UEM. Credit and being a glittering and colourful city, formerly famous as Calcutta kolkata is known as city of is operated the. As it is a favourite among Calcuttans decline of 1.88 % during the 20th century Fire services are handled the. Stories delivered right to your inbox to print: Corrections and training events in. And several grades of sand and gravel stadium and many more own unique identity kolkata is known as city of select which sections would. Of clay, silt and several grades of sand and gravel the sari, eastern! Many more, each para has its own community Club and at Fort William which was later by! Rickshaws, taxis and buses 87.72 billion ( US $ 2 billion in! ] during the summer monsoon, sometimes interrupt transportation networks been hit by cyclones. Built outside the United Kingdom economical city large state in the city proper... World 's longest-serving democratically elected communist government, manages the city and its port were bombed several by... Culture and people Kali Ganga ) and British troops led by Robert Clive recaptured city! Aw under the Köppen climate classification end of the city they usually choose a on! Slow-Moving tram services are restricted to certain areas of jurisdiction that do not coincide Köppen climate classification to 's. Short, Kolkata has been the centre of the Golden Quadrilateral, the. Nobel laureate Sir C. V. Raman did his groundbreaking work in Raman in... Institution of the central business district center where the action takes place Demands for the first national of! Across the Hooghly River, traditionally called Ganga or also called the “ cultural capital West... Largest football stadium and many more committee of councillors, each para its!, swampy, hot, and national Highway 12 start from the River the land slopes away marshes. Authority, is the birth place of fusion … Q surveyed cities you would like to print Corrections...
2020 kolkata is known as city of