Most of Europe’s Atlantic islands, including the Canaries, Madeira, and the British Isles, lie well to the east of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a 9,300-mile long submerged mountain chain on the ocean floor extending from the Antarctic Circle in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north, situated midway between the Western Hemisphere and Europe-Africa. The long processes of history marked … Right, straight to it then. Specific details on a wide variety of European landforms can be found on this page. wide, it is the largest completely enclosed body of water, or inland sea, on Earth. The first agreement establishing the European Economic Community was signed in 1957 by six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Political Map of Europe . Covered with ice northeast of Svalbard, the 191 islands making up Russia’s Arctic archipelago of Franz Josef Land, about 600 miles from the North Pole, is the most northerly land in Europe and the Eastern hemisphere. from the northern Veliky Novgorod to Poltava (which is now part of the Ukraine). This is a place where dozens of languages and nations are stitched together by shared values – and even a shared parliament. In sum, I don’t have a problem with the prevailing definition of Europe as outlined in the essay. But whatever Europe is, it's certainly a part of the world that has seen huge changes in its political boundaries and divisions. In the 8th century BC it was inhabited by the Cimmerians, who were expelled by the Scythians in the 7th century. Asian Russia, about the size of China and India combined, occupies roughly three-quarters of Russian Federation territory. was recently acquired by. As you note, it’s important to formulate a reasonable definition of “Europe” (and, I would add, “white” as well). Greenland formally withdrew from the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1985, but as an overseas territory of the Kingdom of Denmark with extensive home rule, its citizens possess EU citizenship. In ancient times the Black Sea was crossed by Hittites, Carians, Thracians, Greeks, Persians, Cimmerians, Scythians, and Romans, and later by the East Romans (Byzantines), Goths, Huns, Avars, Bulgars, Slavs, Varangians (East Vikings), European Crusaders, Venetians, and Genoese. 8. Evidently the first man to define the eastern continental boundary between Europe and Asia pretty much as it exists today is Philip Johan von Strahlenberg (1676–1747), a Swedish army officer, explorer, and scholar of German descent. Europe’s original fauna and flora were therefore mostly forest dependant or tolerant species, such as bears, boar, and badgers. It has been described as a peninsula of peninsulas and islands. North of Madeira is another autonomous region of Portugal and EU Outermost Region, the Azores, lying 800 miles off the coast of Portugal. Bosnia & Herzegovina have Mediterranean shoreline ? The boundary between Asia and Europe is often defined to follow the Aegean Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Turkish Strait, the Black Sea, the Greater Caucasus, and the Ural River and Mountains. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples European explorations, colonization, social, political, intellectual, artistic, and scientific innovations, empires, and revolutions, have transformed the world. Euro-white race and cultural promiscuity/apathy in N. America and Australia, caused by the forgetfulness of origins which distance breeds) be treated as such, i.e. Map Service Name: World_Boundaries_and_Places Description: This map presents country boundaries, first-order (state/province) internal administrative boundaries for most countries, second-order administrative boundaries for the United States (counties) and some countries in Europe, and place-names for the world. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); European Union countries map. The northwestern boundary is the Atlantic Ocean. As far as populations go, they’re not static. Cyprus, with a population of 1.1 million, lies south of Turkey off the coast of Syria, north of Israel. Elbrus (18,481 ft.) is often counted as Europe’s highest. It is indeed the case that some definitions of continental Europe do include the region you mention, which sounds like present-day Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. I don’t know the answer to that question. 9. Geographically, Europe is a peninsula of Eurasia. It is the nature and destiny of every colony to grow apart from the motherland – this is inevitable. Map of Europe with countries and capitals. Others contend that the heartland was further east toward the Caspian Sea, and still others that it was in Anatolia (present-day Turkey). Its many island chains and peninsulas and are extensions of its mountain ranges. Learn how your comment data is processed. 746 mi. Nevertheless, the situation is complex, and any treatment is to some extent arbitrary. Many probably so, but many others not. See how many European cities you can name. post Columbus) Age. deCODE genetics, a private firm, has funded the creation of a genealogy database called Íslendingabók, which attempts to cover all of Iceland’s known inhabitants. The surprising difficulty of defining Europe as a continent can be seen not only in differing definitions of its boundaries, or the bewildering number of candidates for its most extreme points north, south, east, and west, but even in disagreements over which locale constitutes the geographical center of Europe. Bosnia has 15 miles of Adriatic coastline centered on the city of Neum: Establishing the boundaries of Europe: religion, human rights & democracy Marcus Wischik The European Union is based on a large set of values, with roots in antiquity and in Christianity which over 2,000 years evolved into what we recognise today as the foundations of modern democracy, the rule of law, and civil society. The European name means “the side where the sunset is“. The ancient geographers uniformly placed the Caucasus in Asia, both north and south of it (however, a few would put Mingrelia from the port of Poti on the river Phasis – whence our English word pheasant, and where Jason voyaged – in Europe but the better and larger tribe of the geographical faculty objected to this). long Sea of Azov, by the Kerch Strait. It drains an area of about 533,000 square miles (1,380,470 square kilometers). In this we should submit to the Ancients, and their opinion (which still holds in the more subtle and rigorous academies on the continent) is to exclude these regions from Europe. wide, it is the largest completely enclosed body of water, or inland sea, on Earth. The European and African mainlands are non-contiguous, and the delineation between these continents is thus merely a question of which islands are to be associated with which continent. Countries with the best standard of living are countries on the European continent. It is also the home to the birth of democracy. Among the alternative boundaries proposed by geographers that have gained wide acceptance is a scheme that sees the crest of the Greater Caucasus range as the dividing line between Europe and Asia, placing Ciscaucasia, the northern part of the Caucasus region, in Europe and Transcaucasia, the southern part, in Asia. Sure, a big one – but the Mongoloid Buddhist Kalmucks are the rural majority and the native inhabitants. The boundaries of the European Realm are generally recognized by their geographical borders as the peninsula of Europe has three solid boundaries of water. The map at the top of this page shows the geographic location and extent of 15 major lithospheric plates. After World War II, the map of Europe was almost completely redrawn. If approved, it will appear here soon. The myth says that Zeus kidnapped Europa and took her to Crete, where she became the mother of King Minos (from whom Europe’s first civilization gets its name, the Minoans).. And even today, the continent’s influence extends far beyond its geographical boundaries, shown here in our map of Europe. i.e. The Mediterranean Sea: Europe to the North, Africa to the South, Asia to the East. (However, some definitions of Europe include Asian Turkey.) The differences between Eastern and Northern Europe are: 1. The Atlantic coast can be viewed to some extent as an interlinked geographical-anthropological region. The dangers of casting too wide definitions on these matters are such as I’m sure someone as discriminating as Mr Hamilton apprehends and shuns. Technically in Asia, it is a member of the Council of Europe and the European Union. The notorious White Sea-Baltic Canal, built between 1931 and 1933 at tremendous human cost by over 100,000 concentration camp political prisoners (at least 9,000 of whom perished), is too shallow (minimum depth 11.5 ft.) to accommodate ocean-going vessels. Europe: Countries Printables - Map Quiz Game: From Portugal to Russia, and from Cyprus to Norway, there are a lot of countries to keep straight in Europe. They require serious thought and will generate sincere disagreements. The outermost part of Earth's structure is known as the lithosphere. In 1815 it became part of Denmark. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Like seams of a baseball, tectonic plate boundaries wrap around the Earth. A glance at a map shows that from the Urals the continental boundary broadly follows the unnavigable Ural River that rises at the mountains’ south end and empties into the northern end of the Caspian Sea to the south. By the 1990s more Azoreans resided in the US and Canada than in the archipelago. As described by Roman scholar Pliny, large numbers of wild dogs (Latin canes), roamed the islands, which he therefore named Canaria. But although Greenland (Danish Grønland) is geographically part of North America, it is historically, politically, and culturally tied to Europe. Western Europe is more economically advanced than Eastern Europe … Although some of t… Moreover, given the hatred of Europe’s elites and governing classes not only for whites, but for Europe itself—its history, culture, civilization, achievements, and values—there is a concrete sense in which “Europe” itself no longer exists. Due to climatic conditions, Europe’s Arctic shores are sparsely populated. A few centuries later, European explorers rediscovered the island, which was recolonized by Norway beginning in 1721. Together, these four boundaries create a geographical line that stretches extends north to south through the western quarter of Russia, goes around the western boarder of Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea, and runs east to west along the … The Azores and Iceland are both situated atop such peaks. European rivers flowing into the sea, all sources of fresh water, are the Ebro, Rhone, and Po. The downside with such a choice is that political borders change constantly. Armenians) constitute to the integrity of the continent. To the west is the Atlantic Ocean, and countries such as Portugal and Ireland. Russia is the largest and most populous country in the continent covering 39% of the land area in the Europe continent. But that’s all right. Europe is the western part of the continent of Eurasia, sometimes thought of as its own continent. Europe Map—online, interactive map of Europe showing its borders, countries, capitals, seas, rivers and adjoining areas. Physical Boundaries Political Boundaries Political boundaries change over time through wars, treaties, and trade. Jews and the rest of the ruling class believe in transferring populations (races). If you be visited them you would immediately perceive the ‘frontier settler’ nature of the Slavic inhbaitants lives there and understand why these are the Asiatic steppes – if you bestow the name Europe on them, you confound the homeland with its outlying, relatively worthless and barren colonial acquisitions of the Modern (i.e. So that is the map of Europe as it stands for 2016. Most of the country’s population lives in villages along the mountainous coastal fringe. See the following location map of Europe. The Canary Islands, a Spanish possession and Outermost Region of the European Union, lies 62 miles off the coast of Morocco and Western Sahara in northwest Africa. Whole swaths of Britain, France, Germany, and every other country in Europe are no longer European in racial or cultural terms. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. 6. A population of 50–300 reindeer-herding Nenetses (Mongolian Samoyed), who subsisted by fishing, trapping, herding, and hunting, was resettled to the mainland by the Soviets in 1952. Sir Barry Cunliffe, an English archaeologist and prehistorian, has written a book from such a perspective, Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and Its Peoples 8000 BC–AD 1500 (2001). British territory on Spanish soil, is disputed by Spain. The Strait of Gibraltar separating Spain from Africa in the western Mediterranean is an 8–23 mile wide, 36-mi. Greenland was uninhabited at the time of the Norse arrival—the Inuit did not arrive until more than 200 years later, c. 1200 AD. This sea was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Persians. The Asiatic part, Transcaucasia, lies to the south. From Iceland to Greece and everything in between, this geography study aid will get you up to speed in no time, while also being fun. With Catalonia and the Basque country demanding independence we may see a redrawing of the European boundaries … Last point, although heathenish myself, one of the few but paramount points of community is an historical profession of Christianity – only a majority of Bosnians and Albanians being the exception (even the last two were Christian from a thousand years until the Ottoman advance, and a substantial minority remain such). However, this segment of the land border is indeterminate, as one scholar has noted: For most of its length, the eastern border of Europe, namely the Ural mountains, is beyond contention. Originally a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, it was captured by Rome in 218 BC. Major European rivers flowing into the Black Sea are the Danube, Dniester, Bug, Dnieper, and Kuban. It’s what history has given us to work with. Europe is home to five major rivers, including the Danube, the Loire and the Rhine, all of which are on many European cruise lists. It is a continent that is intertwined with the Asian continent. Armenians who insist their country is part of Europe but claim Urartu, correctly, as their ancestral state alongside the Hitties and Assyrians in the Armenian highlands and the Tigris valley!). In a dispute with Greece, Turkey partitioned Cyprus in 1974, establishing the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on 40 percent of the island, a de facto state recognized only by Turkey. Jewish pop anthropologist Jared Diamond offered a typically racist “explanation” for the Greenlanders’ disappearance. Comments are moderated. The population is divided between Greek (80%) and Turkish (20%) ethnic groups differentiated by language (Greek, Turkish), nationality, and religion (Greek Orthodox, Sunni Islam). Russia is very much – yes, even ‘European’ Russia – a frontier country except for the homeland of the race the aforementioned Great and Little Russia regions, i.e. Legendarily, the Black Sea was sailed by Jason and the Argonauts. However, Cyprus is the only major Med island not to be European. The continent of Europe is currently divided into 50 different countries with 5 additional territories that have yet to be fully recognized. Asia's border with Europe—which, geographically, may be regarded as a peninsula of the Eurasian landmass—lies approximately along the Urals, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus, the Black Sea, the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits, and the Once such gene flow as occurs between races (and it always will occur) is deflected outward rather than inward as at present, then we are in business, a race once again in control of its own destiny. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area, covering about 10,400,000 square kilometres (4,010,000 sq mi) or 2.0% of the Earth's surface. They “chose” to fail by destroying the environment and practicing violence against the Inuit. Europe is a continent apparently distinct and precise on its western boundaries, but less well-defined in the east (see Map 3.1). Of the Earth’s seven continents, Europe is the second smallest in total area—only Australia is smaller. The inclusion of the Caspian Sea at all in Europe further testifies to the crumbling of an integrated knowledge (how many geographers in the Anglosphere know of their classical predecessors, or of ethnological history?). Thanks for expressing the thought. What nonsense! 982 AD by outlaw Norwegian chieftain Eric the Red, whose Icelandic-born son, Leif Ericsson, later discovered America by sailing west from Greenland. In 1803, the United States bought 2,147,000 square kilometers (828,800 square miles) of land in a treaty with France. Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. Eighty-five percent of its total area is ice cap. The Arctic Ocean defines Europe’s continental boundary on the north. The size of the map is 2500 pixels by 1761. Here below you can find the list of the countries. 3750x2013 / 1,23 Mb Go to Map. Even as late as 1920, or 1950, a European academic told that the northern shores of the Caspian – only cwrested from Persia by Peter the Great in the 1720’s, were European would start and laugh. It is fed by the Volga, Ural, and Emba rivers from the north. Europe is commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the Black Sea, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Toiling away in the salt mines at this sort of thing, it’s rewarding to hear a sincere and kind word every now and again. Recently Europe has united under a common union called the European Union. Europe’s eastern boundary is typically given as the Ural Mountains, which run north to south from the Arctic Ocean down through Russia to Kazakhstan. Political map of Europe. Europe: English: Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. As with the Canaries and Madeira, emigration from the islands has been substantial. Looking East: The Strait of Gibraltar, Europe on the left, Africa on the right, the Mediterranean in the middle. The main subdivisions of the Mediterranean Sea, all European, are the Adriatic, Aegean, Tyrrhenian, Ionian, and Ligurian Seas. The fourth map shows Europe around 1227 AD, the year Genghis Khan died leaving his Mongol Empire’s westernmost reach beginning to encroach into Europe (characterised by the Great Khan’s own Y-DNA haplogroup C2). It was Vladimir I who established the Orthodox Eastern Church as the state religion c. 989 AD, thereby linking Russia religiously and culturally to the Eastern Roman Empire throughout the medieval period. As to your treatment of the Mediterranean islands, this shows how sometimes the Ancients’ view of things must change, and change for the better. political and social existence) nor less its racial basis. It has many active volcanoes. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and … Here are the 7 major tectonic plates of the world in a bit more detail. Current list of all 27 European Union countries. Malta, an independent European state situated south of the Italian island of Sicily, is the main island of the (three) Maltese Islands. The Gulf Stream is thought to be the heater of the continent. Settled by Norwegians around 850–875 AD, Iceland is the westernmost state of Europe (Greenland is not a state), located 570 miles west of Norway and 155 miles southeast of Greenland. Today, it is generally depicted by Russia, the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains in the Caucasus Mountains. An example is the European Megalithic Culture. 2500x1342 / 611 Kb Go to Map. Due to the narrow Strait of Gibraltar on the west, the Mediterranean has very low tides. PC has infected and distorted Anglosphere learning vastly more than on the continent – this I impute to the primacy of America not England (the language’s home) in the composition and distribution of academic works, and the control of the language’s development by ‘free market’ forces and Jews (cf. The Arctic Ocean boundary, Greenland to Novaya Zemyla. It was in European Russia that the Russian nation took shape. You might assume this is because the EU counts everybody and his dog as part of “Europe,” but the countries listed in the three categories do not support such a conclusion. Should these areas be included in Europe’s bounds? Have students compare and contrast three maps of Europe from different times. But between the southern end of the Urals (from, say, the city of Orsk where the Ural river turns westwards) and the Caspian Sea there is a gap from north-east to south-west of some 400 km. Do you want to say, “We’ve all been historically Christian too, except Bosnians/Albanians, Chechens, Kalmucks, Tartars, Daghestanis, Turks, etc?” when they’re not a part of our civilizational orbit at all (Circassians and Tartars in this are comparable to American negroes, ‘Westernised’ – to a degree – but not European/Western themselves. Europe, second smallest of the world’s continents, composed of the westward-projecting peninsulas of Eurasia (the great landmass that it shares with Asia). As defined in his book Das nord- und ostliche Theil von Europa und Asia (The north and east part of Europe and Asia) (Stockholm, 1730), which was translated into English, French, and Spanish, Strahlenberg’s border followed the chain of the Ural Mountains north-to-south, then the Emba River to the north coast of the Caspian Sea before passing through the Kuma-Manych Depression to the Black Sea. Very unlike Europe north of the Alps, the Mediterranean climate has hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Both groups have experienced significant white admixture. He’s right about the Swede in the Russian service’s delineations, but curiously defers to much later Anglo-Western boundaries much farther south at the Caucasus. russkiye not rossiyane) but even they are ‘Asiatic’ in the sense of frontier Scythians. Political boundaries of Southeastern Europe, the Black and Caspain Seas The next major segment of the boundary is formed by the Caspian Sea, bordered in Europe by Russia and in Asia by Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, and Azerbaijan. The Ural Mountains form the eastern border of Europe. Within Europe are the borders of many countries. How Many Countries in Europe For vital strategic reasons. For instance you can’t keep America Anglo-Saxon (too late!, but you can turn the Anglo-Saxons of America into a new creature (though racially the same, in the strict sense): an American. ries 1. Non-white residents include the Mongolid Inuits of Greenland and the pastoral, reindeer-herding Mongolid Saamis (Lapps—about 55,000 people) of northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, and the Russian peninsula of Kola. Europe and Asia are considered as separate continents because of the physical features and water bodies that mark their boundaries, such as the Caucasus Mountains, and the Black and Caspian Seas. European Union countries map. (Come now, if I said “south-eastern Europe” and directed you to a map, would you look to Greece and Bulgaria, or the darn Caucasus?). Europe has been the home to a variety of civilizations including Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. I’ll draw off now even though I have sundry other criticisms which I would respectfully urge upon mr Hamilton if I did not apprehend that we has grown weary in reading them. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Norwegian Svalbard archipelago in the Arctic Ocean includes the Spitsbergen group, 360 mi. In the 1200s the island fell under Norwegian and, subsequently Danish, rule. Europe, occupying the western end of the Eurasian land mass, is the second smallest of the continents. Where is that exactly ? the defence of peninsular and insular Italy, this must remain so. Learn how to say the names of many different countries and nationalities in English. 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. Prior to that time for many centuries it was under Turkish or Persian dominion, even from Sassanid antiquity, and this remains so in the language and customs of t. …and customs of the indigenous people (albeit in a mountaineer incarnation). In the decades following WWII, the political boundaries of the European map remained relatively stable – that is, until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. ... On her land side, along her boundaries, were millions of the warriors of Europe. During WWII the Germans and Allies fought here. Evaporation is especially high in its eastern half, causing the water level to decrease and salinity to increase eastward. Some genetic studies also seem to interrelate specific groups of people from different parts of Atlantic Europe. Map is showing the countries of Central Europe with their national capitals, administrative boundaries, major cities and major airports. within the last twenty years at most) publications and these are uniformly in English. Serbia still considers Kosovo to be one of its regions. Political map of Europe. 7. The European Council gets the second read on all laws and can accept the Parliament’s position, thus adopting the law. Europe's largest country is Russia (37% of total continent area), and the smallest one is Vatican City, which occupies only a tiny territory in the center of Rome. Few large towns exist. It has the feature of being the first continent to be industrialized in the world. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. The Arctic Ocean sets the North border. 3. north of Norway. This resource is great for an in-class quiz or as a study aid. The largest are Crete, Euboea, Rhodes, and Lesbos. (Glanville Price, Encyclopedia of the Languages of Europe, 2000, p. The Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara, and Bosporus waterways. Europe's second longest river, … Do not post your comment a second time. Description: This map shows governmental boundaries, countries and their capitals in Europe. The lowest point is the northern point of the Caspian Sea, 30 meters deep below sea level. Video taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the ISS on a pass over Western Europe in 2011. The UN classification of world regions places Cyprus in Western Asia, the CIA’s World Factbook in the Middle East.The earliest known human activity on the island dates to the 9th millennium BC. Roughly three-quarters of Russian Federation territory, though not necessarily identical, concerns lives in villages along the Atlantic can. Than any of the continent Mediterranean and desert climes in the east less... Not to be industrialized in the middle movement to those legally residing within its.. 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