Giant kelp, sugarwack, southern kelp, and bull kelp are a few different varieties of kelp. In places such as Tasmania, Japan, Norway, Canada, and California, urchins are mowing down seaweed, including giant kelp. Giant kelp has been used for years as a food supplement for many years because it contains iodine, potassium, other minerals, vitamins and carbohydrates. Kelp is also eaten by a lot of invertebrate species. Halfmoon are shaped similar to perch but are heavier and more full-bodied. Most kelp falls into two types: giant kelp and bull kelp. Barbara Bean-Mellinger is an award-winning writer in the Washington, DC area. Some fish that eat kelp are true herbivores, while other fish are omnivores, meaning they eat plants and animals. Biodiversity is key to kelp forest health. Herbivores in the sea like small fish and shrimp eat kelp Kelp grows in huge ocean forests, mostly in the Pacific Ocean where the water is cold enough for it to grow. The grey whale will eat the abundant invertebrates and crustaceans in kelp forests. Most kelp falls into two types: giant kelp and bull kelp. Giant kelp is found mostly in southern California down to Baja, while bull kelp is found primarily in Northern California. Kelp can have many therapeutic and nutritional benefits, as it is a Larger fish sometimes hide from their predators in the kelp. Their coloring is darker blue on top and lighter blue on bottom. alaria. You see, sea urchins eat giant kelp -- lots and lots of giant kelp. Learn about getting a printed version of the guide for your area. Without kelp, there would be no abalone, and without abalone, sea otters would go hungry. Many species or kinds of fish eat kelp. Photo: Richard Ling (Flickr, Creative Commons licence) Giant kelp forests inhabit rocky reefs along the east and south coastlines of Tasmania in relatively nutrient-rich, cool waters mostly deeper than 8 metres. These shellfish are themselves eaten by other creatures. The sea otter eats the red sea urchin that can destroy a kelp … sea lettuce. For instance, in the Pacific Ocean off the West Coast of the United States, sea otters eat a lot of abalone. Fish that eat kelp and other plants are called herbivores, in contrast to meat eaters, which are called carnivores. In the marine food chain, animals eat seaweed, predators eat those animals and people eat the predators. One of the most important mammals in a kelp forest is the sea otter, who takes refuge from sharks and storms in these forests. Red urchins will also feed on kelp, however the increase in their population has not been nearly as explosive as that of the purple urchins. It provides food and shelter for numerous animals, including abalone, rockfish and sea otters. Some Pacific blue tang grow to be as large as 13 inches. It grows in shallow, nutrient-rich saltwater, near coastal fronts around the world. Commonly known as giant kelps, Macrocystis species can form massive kelp forests and provide important habitats for numerous fish and marine invertebrates. Some fish will eat just about anything, including kelp. For example, you may dine on a lobster that ate a mingle that ingested seaweed. Thousands of organisms live on the kelp and are eaten by fish, while other fish live in the kelp forests but don't eat the kelp. By keeping the sea urchins under control, sea otters help kelp forests flourish. This article is a transcript of the SpongeBob SquarePants episode "Giant Squidward" from season six, which aired on June 3, 2008. The giant kelpfish (Heterostichus rostratus) is a species of clinid native to the west coast of North America, where it is found from California to southern Baja California.It inhabits rocky areas with kelp and other large seaweeds.Its diet consists of small crustaceans, mollusks, and fishes.This species can reach a maximum total length of 61 cm (24 in), and has been reported to live for 4 years. Kelp may look like a long seaweed, but its actually an alga (singular of the word “algae.”). Individual kelpfish can even change colors to match changes in the colors around them. It is dark, olive green with two whitish yellow spots below its dorsal fin and its tail is almost square. Macrocystis pyrifera, commonly known as giant kelp or giant bladder kelp, is a species of kelp (large brown algae), and one of four species in the genus Macrocystis. (Invertebrates are animals without backbones.). Sea otters play a particularly important role in the health of the bay’s kelp forests; without them, sea urchins — which normally eat pieces of kelp that fall to the seafloor — will feed on the stripes of giant kelp plants and can completely destroy a kelp bed. Macrocystis, genus of three or four species of brown algae (family Laminariaceae), found in cool, coastal waters of the Pacific Ocean and parts of the southern Atlantic and Southern Oceans. Kelp farming not only provides needed food, but it also bolsters carbon sequestration. … What herbivore eats kelp? SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS -- Tide Pools: Opaleye, National Marine Sanctuaries: Ecosystems: Kelp Forests. Marine biologist Nancy Caruso has a plan to help giant kelp grow in the ocean waters off Orange County – again. Abalone diving, a tradition among thousands of Californians, could soon become a thing of the past as numbers of North Coast red abalone freefall. 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